Schwarzenberg, Felix, Fürst zu

Schwarzenberg, Felix, Fürst zu

(fā`lĭks fürst tso͞o shvär`tsənbĕrk), 1800–1852, Austrian premier; nephew of Karl Philipp zu SchwarzenbergSchwarzenberg, Karl Philipp, Fürst zu
, 1771–1820, Austrian field marshal and diplomat. In 1810 he was made ambassador to France, and he led the Austrian forces sent to aid Napoleon I in the Russian campaign of 1812.
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. A soldier and diplomat, he was named (Nov., 1848) premier at the urging of his brother-in-law, Prince WindischgrätzWindischgrätz or Windisch-Grätz, Alfred, Fürst zu
, 1787–1862, Austrian field marshal. He was military governor of Bohemia when the revolutions of 1848 broke out in the Hapsburg empire.
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, who had crushed the revolutions of 1848revolutions of 1848,
in European history. The February Revolution in France gave impetus to a series of revolutionary explosions in Western and Central Europe. However the new French Republic did not support these movements.
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 in Prague (June) and Vienna (October). Schwarzenberg persuaded Emperor Ferdinand to abdicate in favor of the young Francis JosephFrancis Joseph
or Franz Joseph,
1830–1916, emperor of Austria (1848–1916), king of Hungary (1867–1916), nephew of Ferdinand, who abdicated in his favor.
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 and in 1849 suppressed the revolutionaries in Hungary with the aid of the Russians. At the Convention of Olmütz (1850), he humiliated Prussia by gaining recognition of a restored German ConfederationGerman Confederation,
1815–66, union of German states provided for at the Congress of Vienna to replace the old Holy Roman Empire, which had been destroyed during the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars. It comprised 39 states in all, 35 monarchies and 4 free cities.
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 under Austrian leadership.

Bibliography

See biography by A. Schwarzenberg (1946).

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