Schwinger, Julian Seymour
Schwinger, Julian Seymour,1918–94, American physicist, b. New York City, Ph.D. Columbia, 1939. He was a professor at the Univ. of California, Berkeley (1939–47) and worked under J. Robert OppenheimerOppenheimer, J. Robert
, 1904–67, American physicist, b. New York City, grad. Harvard (B.A., 1925), Ph.D. Univ. of Göttingen, 1927. He taught at the Univ. of California and the California Institute of Technology from 1929 (as professor from 1936) until his appointment
..... Click the link for more information. on the Manhattan ProjectManhattan Project,
the wartime effort to design and build the first nuclear weapons (atomic bombs). With the discovery of fission in 1939, it became clear to scientists that certain radioactive materials could be used to make a bomb of unprecented power. U.S.
..... Click the link for more information. at the Univ. of California and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology during World War II. He joined the faculty at Harvard in 1947 and taught there until his retirement in 1974. Schwinger won the 1965 Nobel Prize in Physics with Sin-Itiro Tomonaga and Richard FeynmanFeynman, Richard Phillips
, 1918–88, American physicist, b. New York City, B.S. Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1939, Ph.D. Princeton, 1942. From 1942 to 1945 he worked on the development of the atomic bomb.
..... Click the link for more information. for their fundamental work in the late 1940s and early 1950s on quantum electrodynamicsquantum electrodynamics
(QED), quantum field theory that describes the properties of electromagnetic radiation and its interaction with electrically charged matter in the framework of quantum theory.
..... Click the link for more information. , which quantifies the interactions between light and matter. The research had a significant impact on our understanding of the physics of elementary particles.