Scientific Expedition

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Expedition, Scientific


an organized form of scientific field research that may include geographical, geological, hydrological, soil, or botanical research.

Although a scientific expedition usually entails travel along a route through an area under study, permanent stations are being increasingly used in long-term expeditions. A scientific expedition comprises a group of specialists and auxiliary personnel organized into a team or party and outfitted with the necessary equipment. Depending on the aims of its research, an expedition may be conducted within the framework of one or more scientific disciplines.

Modern expeditionary research is a multifaceted operation. Personnel must be trained, and they must be outfitted with scientific instruments and equipment. They must be provided with transportation and with the materiel necessary for their nourishment, rest, and safety. All the needed materials must be delivered to the work site. Reconnaissance must be conducted, findings must be recorded, and materials gathered must be subjected to preliminary analysis in the field and then to complete analysis in the laboratory.

Noted for an especially wide range of research are expeditions in which more than one country participates, for example, the expeditions that were conducted during the International Geophysical Year, when studies were carried out simultaneously in different parts of the world.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in classic literature ?
If it were a record of a solemn scientific expedition, it would have about it that gravity, that profundity, and that impressive incomprehensibility which are so proper to works of that kind, and withal so attractive.
Thus, a few days ago, a German geometrician proposed to send a scientific expedition to the steppes of Siberia.
As you know, we were supposed to have set out upon a scientific expedition to the Congo.
There were some members of a scientific expedition on the whale- ship BEDFORD.
He has been upon several scientific expeditions in his youth (he was with Robertson in Papua), and the life of the camp and the canoe is nothing fresh to him.
The peak was discovered in 1928, during the Soviet-German scientific expedition.
From April to June, an international team of scientists, climbers and story-tellers, led by the NatGeo Society and Tribhuvan University and supported in partnership with Rolex, conducted a scientific expedition to Everest, believed to be the most comprehensive single scientific expedition to the mountain in history, it claimed.
He relates the story of John Bartram's appointment as royal botanist for British colonial Florida in 1764; the discoveries of his son William and his students, who founded Philadelphia's Academy of Natural Sciences; the first major scientific expedition to Spanish Florida by William Maclure, George Ord, Thomas Say, and Titan Peale in 1817; and the work of Academy members and correspondents like Louis Agassiz, John James Audubon, Asa Gray, Clarence Moore, Francis Harper, Henry Fowler, Ernest Hemingway, Charles Chaplin, and Henry Pilsbry.
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In 1970, the prominent entomologist Ed Ross and his wife Sandy were on a legitimate scientific expedition abroad that focused on achieving a significant scientific result, i.e., to find and identify a special insect, an embiid.

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