Scincidae


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.

Scincidae

[′skiŋ·kə‚dē]
(vertebrate zoology)
The skinks, a family of the reptilian suborder Sauria which have reduced limbs and snakelike bodies.

Scincidae

 

a family of lizards. The body measures up to 65 cm in length. The tail is brittle, and the torso has bony plates, called osteoderms, under the scales. The family comprises approximately 700 species, belonging to 60 genera. The Scincidae are distributed mainly in the tropical zone of the eastern hemisphere; the Australian zoographic subregion is especially rich in species. There are ten species in the USSR, belonging to four genera: Mabuya (one species, the mabuya), Eumeces (three species), Ablepharus (six species; according to some data, five species), and Ophiomorus (one species, the sand skink).

Most Scincidae are terrestrial; some live in trees or partly in water. Burrowing Scincidae usually have more elongated bodies, with limbs that are either partially or totally lost and eyes that are reduced. The Scincidae feed on invertebrates, mainly insects; some also eat plants, and large species feed on vertebrates. Most Scincidae lay eggs, but several species are ovoviviparous or viviparous.

REFERENCES

Zhizn’ zhivotnykh, vol. 4, part 2. Moscow, 1969.
Bannikov, A. G., I. S. Darevskii, and A. K. Rustamov. Zemnovodnye i presmykaiushchiesia SSSR. Moscow, 1971.
References in periodicals archive ?
Reproductive cycles in two Arkansas skinks in the genus Eumeces (Sauria: Scincidae).
Evidence for parallel ecological speciation in scincid lizards of the Eumeces skiltonianus species group (Squamata: Scincidae).
Actividad Reproductiva del Lagarto Viviparo Mabuya mabouya (Sauria: Scincidae) en la Localidad de Guadualito Municipio de Yacopi.
We analyzed phylogenetic relationships (1) of the lizard and snake families; (2) within eight families (Boidae, Colubridae, Elapidae, Typhlopidae, Viperidae, Anguidae, Iguanidae, and Scincidae); (3) within ten subfamilies (Alsophiinae, Colubrinae, Natricinae, and Psammophiinae for Colubridae; Viperinae and Crotalinae for Viperidae; Diploglossinae and Gerrhonotinae for Anguidae; and Lygosominae and Scincinae for Scincidae); and (4) within seven genera (Elaphe and Natrix for Colubridae; Agkistrodon and Trimeresurus for Viperidae; Diploglossus and Elgeria for Anguidae; and Eumeces for Scincidae).
Rawlinson PS (1974) Revision of the endemic southeastern Australian lizard genus Pseudemoia (Scincidae: Lygosominae).
Investigating the origin of transoceanic distributions: mtDNA shows Mabuya lizards (Reptilia, Scincidae) crossed the Atlantic twice.
Reproductive biology of the lizard Eumeces copei (Lacertilia; Scincidae) from the Eje Neovolcanico, Mexico.
durissus Raillietiella furcocerca Stomach Squamata--lizards Scincidae Trachylepis Raillietiella freitasi Lung atlantica Host Locality CHIBB * Crocodylia Caiman yacare Corumba, MS 2394 C.
A cladistic evaluation of the cosmopolitan genus Eumeces Wiegmann (Reptilia, Squamata, Scincidae).
Ecology and natural history of the easternmost native lizard species in South America, Trachylepis atlantica (Scincidae), from the Fernando de Noronha archipelago, Brazil.
Clase Orden Suborden Familias Amphibia Anura Bufonidae Hylidae Leptodactylidae Reptilia Squamata Sauria Corythophanidae Gekkonidae Iguanidae Phrynosomatidae Polychridae Scincidae Teiidae Xantusiidae Serpentes Boidae Colubridae Elapidae Leptotyphlopidae Loxocemidae Viperidae Testudines Emydidae Total 18 Clase Generos Especies Amphibia 2 2 1 1 1 1 Reptilia 1 1 3 3 2 3 3 6 1 1 1 1 1 3 1 1 1 1 10 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 1 1 Total 33 40 Cuadro 2.