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A material that emits optical photons in response to ionizing radiation.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a luminophor in which the flashes of light known as scintillations occur under the action of ionizing radiation. Among the many substances that are scintillators are inorganic crystals, such as zinc sulfide and sodium iodide; organic crystals, such as anthracene and stilbene; solutions of plastics; and inert gases. Scintillators used in scintillation counters should be transparent to their own radiation.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Technavio's report, Global Scintillator Market 2016-2020, has been prepared based on an in-depth market analysis with inputs from industry experts.
The scintillator material in the IV was less dense than the buffer fluid by about 0.1% with the original DMP concentration of 5 g/L; this resulted in a slight upward buoyancy force on the IV, implying the need of thin, low-background ropes made of ultrahigh density polyethylene to hold the nylon vessels in place.
In scintillators, the number of emitted photons per unit energy differs according to the excitation energy, and such a relation is called the energy nonproportional response of a scintillator, or simply nonproportionality.
The pilot measurement conducted with the J-PET detector demonstrated the possibility of identifying candidates of annihilation photons interactions in the plastic scintillator strips by means of the time over threshold measure of deposited energy and angular dependencies between relative azimuthal angles of [gamma] interaction points specific to event spatial topology.
Shin et al., "Development of Fiber-optic Radiation Sensor Using LYSO Scintillator for Gamma-ray Spectroscopy," Journal of Sensor Science and Technology, vol.
Photoelectric effect, Compton scattering, and pair production mechanisms can explain the interaction of photons with the GAGOC and CMO scintillator materials.
It was meant to test the response of the organic plastic scintillator EJ 299-33, the same scintillator used in the in-beam experiment.
In CT, the light yield of the scintillators has to be as high as possible, the frequently used scintillator [Gd.sub.2][O.sub.2]S:Pr has a light yield of some 40000 ph/MeV.
However, the induced current of the solar cell can be considerably improved by coupling it to a CsI(Tl) scintillator. The electric current generated by solar cells has been enhanced by improving the spectral response of the solar cells and enlarging their sensitive area [8].
The closing papers describe the large millimeter telescope (LMT) project in Mexico, the planet hunting and astero-seismology explorer spectrophotometer (PHASES) project, the Cananea high resolution spectrograph for determining stellar chemical abundances, and the scintillator cosmic ray super telescope.
Adding the film to the surface of the scintillator improved the X-ray detector greatly.
Having a Geiger Muller (GM) and a scintillator probe allows for Norm monitoring in every situation; wet and dry deposition or internal and external vessel monitoring.