B-scan ultrasonography excluded posterior scleritis
, choroidal thickening or infiltration, or retrobulbar disease (data not shown).
Keratitis was observed in 3 patients (3%), scleritis
in 1 patient (1%), and episcleritis in 1 patient (1%).
Jacob, "Management of Rhodotorula scleritis
," Eye, vol.
A 51-year-old Caucasian woman presented to the rheumatology clinic with refractory scleritis
and inflammatory polyarthritis.
Bilateral auricular chondritis Nonerosive inflammatory polyarthritis Nasal chondritis Ocular inflammation (conjunctivitis, scleritis
, uveitis) Respiratory tract chondritis (laryngeal and tracheal cartilages) Vestibulocochlear dysfunction (hearing loss, tinnitus, and vertigo)
The presenting symptoms are variable and may include renal involvement (67%), arthralgias (48%), fever (37%), skin involvement (30%), respiratory tract involvement (27%), myalgias (22%), scleritis
(15%) and other manifestations (18%) (3).
A 29-year-old African-American female initially presented during a pregnancy with scleritis
, nasal and aural chondritis, inflammatory arthritis, and axonal neuropathy.
RA manifestations examined included joint deformities/contractures (defined as loss of more than 20% of range of motion, lax collaterals, malalignment, or subluxation), radiographic evidence of joint damage, joint replacement surgeries, and extra-articular manifestations (subcutaneous nodules and ocular [keratoconjunctivitis sicca, episcleritis, scleritis
, scleromalacia, or uveitis], pulmonary [pleuritis, pleural effusion, pulmonary nodules, interstitial lung disease, or pulmonary fibrosis], cardiac [pericarditis, myocarditis, valvular nodules, or coronary vasculitis], and neurologic [neuropathies, peripheral neuropathy, or mononeuritis multiplex] manifestations).
Subjects with H/O ocular trauma, Cataract surgery, any intraocular surgery, ocular diseases like Uveitis, corneal ulcer, corneal opacities, scleritis
were excluded from study.
could be related in part to the coexistence of familial Mediterranean fever as reported in the literature [19-21].
Severe allergic keratoconjunctivitis (the main indication in general practice), adenoviral keratoconjunctivitis, uveitis, episcleritis, scleritis
, corneal graft rejection, immunogenic keratitis and uveitis.