Sclerophyll Forests

Sclerophyll Forests

 

subtropical evergreen forests composed primarily of xerophilic sclerophyll varieties. The crown cover is single-layered with a thick undergrowth of evergreen shrubs. The tree trunks are covered with strong bark or cork; the crowns are wide. The leaves are of the sclerophyll type, often turning into needlelike leaves. Sclerophyll forests are common in the subtropical zones of all continents, constituting about 3 percent of the earth’s forested area. They are most typical of the Mediterranean area, where they are represented by forests of evergreen oaks and other sclerophyll varieties (myrtle, rubber trees, wild olive). As the result of lumbering, fires, and the expansion of grazing land, hardleaf forests are giving way to sclerophyll shrubs (maquis and garigue in the Mediterranean, chaparral in California, and the scrub in Australia).

REFERENCES

Il’inskii, A. P. Rastitel’ nost’ zemnogo shara. Moscow-Leningrad, 1937.
Schmitheusen, I. Obshchaia geografiia rastitel’ nosti. Moscow, 1966. (Translated from German.)
Walter, H. Die Vegetation der Erde in ökophysiologischer Betrachtung, vol. 2. Stuttgart, 1968.
References in periodicals archive ?
Vegetation formations in this area are Southeast and Southern Tableland dry sclerophyll forests and Southern escarpment wet sclerophyll forest on moister slopes (Keith 2004; Tozer et al.
The characteristics of six species of living hollow-bearing trees and their importance for arboreal marsupials in the dry sclerophyll forests of southeast Queensland, Australia.
In NSW, to the north of the distribution disjunction, the species has been reported from wet and dry sclerophyll forests with rocky outcrops (Barker et al.
We were unable to investigate artefact densities in wet sclerophyll forests because this vegetation type did not occur within our survey area.
Reedy Marsh contains areas of rare lowland and foothills, damp sclerophyll forests and provides intact habitat for threatened fauna including bettongs, quolls, Tasmanian wedge-tailed eagles and grey goshawks.
In addition, strongly shade-tolerant understory species are found in the evergreen sclerophyll forests of regions with mediterranean-type climates, e.
The SOM-HGL units intersecting Windellama distinguish hard and neutal to acidic (Tb) yellow and yellow mottled soils associated with dominantly dry sclerophyll forests on undulating ridges (16) and cleared land used for grazing on loamy and stony soils (LL) (18).
Victoria's largest trees occur in the high rainfall, wet sclerophyll forests of Southern Victoria.
A significant proportion of eucalypts have this response to bushfires, including the mallees of the semi-arid zone and trees of dry sclerophyll forests and woodlands of south-eastern Australia," says Lembit.
Four bryophyte species common to wet sclerophyll forests were chosen for investigation: Wijkia extenuata (Fig.
The vegetation consists of dry sclerophyll forest and shmbby woodlands and, to a lesser extent, wet sclerophyll forests (Fig.