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An instrument used to determine the hardness of a material by measuring the height to which a standard ball rebounds from its surface when dropped from a standard height.



an instrument for measuring the hardness of metals and other materials according to the height of the rebound of a hammer with a hard (diamond) tip falling from a specified height onto the surface of the body being tested. Hardness is measured on a scleroscope in arbitrary units proportional to the height of the hammer’s rebound. The Shore scleroscope is a well-known type used in many cases for testing large, solid steel objects having a high surface hardness when there are no portable instruments available to determine the Rockwell hardness.

References in periodicals archive ?
Researchers have been interested in the relative hardness of materials for centuries, but the first formal test for mechanical hardness didn't appear until 1896, when a professor in England, Thomas Turner, invented a device called a scleroscope, which dropped a diamond-tipped weight against a material.
Includes coverage of Brinell, Rockwell, Vickers, micro-hardness, scleroscope, ultrasonic, scratch, file, and eddy-current testing methods.