Sclerotium


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Related to Sclerotium: sclerotia, Phytophthora infestans, conidia

sclerotium

[sklə′rō·shəm]
(microbiology)
The hardened, resting or encysted condition of the plasmodium of Myxomycetes.
(mycology)
A hardened, resting mass of hyphae, usually black on the outside, from which fructifications may develop.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Sclerotium

 

in fungi, a dormant stage that occurs under unfavorable conditions. The sclerotium is a round or elongate body formed by the close intertwining of the hyphae of some ascomycetous, basidial, and imperfect fungi—for example, ergot, sclerotinia, Brazilian polyporous fungus, and monilia. The sclerotium usually ranges in size from a fraction of a millimeter to 2 cm. Some larger forms occur; for example, in the Brazilian polyporous fungus the sclerotium reaches 30 cm in diameter and 20 kg in weight. The cells of the outer part of the sclerotium are dark and thick-walled, whereas those of the interior are colorless and thin-walled.

The sclerotium contains little water (5–10 percent) but is rich in nutritive substances. Under favorable conditions the sclerotium buds and forms fruiting bodies in ascomycetous and basidial fungi or mycelia with conidia in imperfect fungi. The sclerotium may remain viable for several years. The ergot sclerotium contains several alkaloids, including ergotoxine, ergometrine, and ergotamine, which are used medicinally as parturifacients and antihemorrhagics (to treat uterine hermorrhages).

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Evaluation of the sub-acute toxicity of the sclerotium of Lignosus rhinocerus (Cooke), the Tiger Milk mushroom.
The experimental work was carried out on Sclerotium cepivorum strain C2 isolated from Cortazar, Guanajuato, Mexico; S.
Integrated management of potato Sclerotium wilt caused by Sclerotium rolfsii.
Vertical distribution of sclerotia of Sclerotium cepivorum and host root systems relative to white rot of onion and garlic.
In this study, X is equals to the concentration of vitamins while Y is equals to the number of sclerotium (plural Sclerotia).
Pandey, "Maximization of production of oxalic acid from Sclerotium rolfsii, a mycoherbicidal agent against Parthenium," Annals of Plant Protection Science, vol.
In order to sort the W extensa sclerotium samples according to their geographical origins, the spectrum data matrices were integrated and exported to the appropriate software for chemometrics analysis of the spectra.
subtilis Campylobacter [H.sub.2]TPP -- -- Zr(TPP)(acac)(phO) -- -- Zr(TPP)(acac)(p-N[H.sub.2]phO) -- -- Zr(TPP)(acac)(p-ClphO) -- 1.5 Zr(TPP)(acac)(p-OC[H.sub.3]phO) -- -- Zr(TPP)(acac)([alpha]-naphtholate) 1.75 1 Zr(TPP)(acac)(p-N[O.sub.2]phO) 2.5 1.5 Zr(TPP)(acac)(p-C[H.sub.3]phO) 0.7 0.7 Zr(TPP)(acac)(o,p-[Cl.sub.2]phO) -- 1.25 Zr(TPP)(acac) -- 1.5 (o,p-[(N[O.sub.2]).sub.2]phO) Control chloramphenicol 2 2 TABLE 7: In vitro evaluation of complexes against Sclerotium rolfsii.