Scoliidae

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Scoliidae

[skō′lī·ə‚dē]
(invertebrate zoology)
A family of the Hymenoptera in the superfamily Scolioidea.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Scoliidae

 

(scoliid wasps), a family of hymenopterous insects of the suborder Aculeata. There are approximately 420 species, distributed primarily in the tropics. The USSR has 42 species. Scoliids are large or medium-sized wasps that are usually black with yellow markings. The largest species, Scolia flavifrons, which is found in the USSR, reaches a length of 4.5 cm. Adults feed on flowers. Females find scarabaeoid larvae in the soil and paralyze them by stinging the abdominal nerve center that controls body movements; they then deposit their eggs (one per larva) on the paralyzed prey. The scoliid larva consumes the prey and then pupates. Scoliids are beneficial insects, since they destroy the larvae of injurious cockchafers.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Arnett (2000) identified 2 other scoliid species (Campsomeris annulata Fab.
Campsomeris dorsata is a hymenopteran scoliid that is endemic to South America, Central America, and parts of the West Indies.
Campsomeris dorsata es un scoliid himenoptero endemico de America del Sur, America Central y partes de las Indias Occidentales.
Scoliid Wasps of Florida, Campsomeris, Scolia, and Trielis spp.
Spatiotemporal distribution and resource use of scoliid wasps (Hymenoptera) in coastal sand dunes.
Scoliids are solitary parasitoids of soil-inhabiting scarab beetle larvae (Scarabaeidae) (DeBach 1964).
The scientists combined data from the transcriptome -- showing which genes are active and being transcribed from DNA into RNA -- and genomic (DNA) data from a number of species of ants, bees and wasps, including bradynobaenid wasps, a cuckoo wasp, a spider wasp, a scoliid wasp, a mud dauber wasp, a tiphiid wasp, a paper wasp and a pollen wasp; a velvet ant (wasp); a dracula ant; and a sweat bee, Lasioglossum albipes.
For example, females of the scoliid wasp Dasyscolia ciliata (the pollinator of the mirror orchid, O.
Paulus and Gack (1980) noted that the scoliid wasp pollinator of Ophrys speculum visited flowers placed on the ground more frequently than when flowers were placed above 15 cm, although Jacobsen and Rasmussen (1976) report that visits occur at 1.5 m.
Scoliid wasps were the most common non-Apis pollinators visiting buckwheat in north Florida (Campbell et al.
Calochilus (beard orchids-11 species) are pollinated through pseudocopulation by Campsomeris species of scoliid wasps, which like thrynnine wasps, parasitize scarab larvae (Riek, 1970).
A South American scoliid wasp also in the genus Campsomeris pollinates the subtropical terrestrial orchid Geoblasta penicillata (Rchb.f.) Hoehne ex M.N.Correa (Chloraeinae) (Cioteka et al., 2006).