Scoliidae

(redirected from Scoliid wasp)

Scoliidae

[skō′lī·ə‚dē]
(invertebrate zoology)
A family of the Hymenoptera in the superfamily Scolioidea.

Scoliidae

 

(scoliid wasps), a family of hymenopterous insects of the suborder Aculeata. There are approximately 420 species, distributed primarily in the tropics. The USSR has 42 species. Scoliids are large or medium-sized wasps that are usually black with yellow markings. The largest species, Scolia flavifrons, which is found in the USSR, reaches a length of 4.5 cm. Adults feed on flowers. Females find scarabaeoid larvae in the soil and paralyze them by stinging the abdominal nerve center that controls body movements; they then deposit their eggs (one per larva) on the paralyzed prey. The scoliid larva consumes the prey and then pupates. Scoliids are beneficial insects, since they destroy the larvae of injurious cockchafers.

References in periodicals archive ?
The scientists combined data from the transcriptome -- showing which genes are active and being transcribed from DNA into RNA -- and genomic (DNA) data from a number of species of ants, bees and wasps, including bradynobaenid wasps, a cuckoo wasp, a spider wasp, a scoliid wasp, a mud dauber wasp, a tiphiid wasp, a paper wasp and a pollen wasp; a velvet ant (wasp); a dracula ant; and a sweat bee, Lasioglossum albipes.
Paulus and Gack (1980) noted that the scoliid wasp pollinator of Ophrys speculum visited flowers placed on the ground more frequently than when flowers were placed above 15 cm, although Jacobsen and Rasmussen (1976) report that visits occur at 1.5 m.
Scoliid Wasps of Florida, Campsomeris, Scolia, and Trielis spp.