Scoliidae


Also found in: Wikipedia.

Scoliidae

[skō′lī·ə‚dē]
(invertebrate zoology)
A family of the Hymenoptera in the superfamily Scolioidea.

Scoliidae

 

(scoliid wasps), a family of hymenopterous insects of the suborder Aculeata. There are approximately 420 species, distributed primarily in the tropics. The USSR has 42 species. Scoliids are large or medium-sized wasps that are usually black with yellow markings. The largest species, Scolia flavifrons, which is found in the USSR, reaches a length of 4.5 cm. Adults feed on flowers. Females find scarabaeoid larvae in the soil and paralyze them by stinging the abdominal nerve center that controls body movements; they then deposit their eggs (one per larva) on the paralyzed prey. The scoliid larva consumes the prey and then pupates. Scoliids are beneficial insects, since they destroy the larvae of injurious cockchafers.

References in periodicals archive ?
Scoliidae comprises about 560 species worldwide (Osten 2005), with 20 occurring in North America north of Mexico belonging to 5 genera: Campsomeris, Criscolia, Scolia, Trielis, and Triscolia (Krombein 1951, 1958, 1967;Betrem 1972).
latipes, and Ceratina sp., from the family Colletidae, subfamily Hylaeinae Hylaeus sp., from the family Halictidae, subfamily Nomiinae Nomia sp., and from the family Scoliidae Compsomeris lindenni.
Hausl-Hofstatter U (2008) Beobachtungen an nachtruhenden Hymenopteren in der umgebung von Mali Losinj, Kroatien (Anthophoridae, Andrenidae, Eumenidae, Scoliidae, Ichnneumonidae).
Contribution a l'etude ethologique de la grande scolie a front jaune, Megascolia maculata flavifrons (F., 1775) (Hymenoptera, Scoliidae) en France mediterraneenne.
Two families of Hymenoptera were obtained at Hacienda Tabi that were not found at Kiuic Research Station: Xiphydriidae and Scoliidae. Specimens of the family Xiphydriidae were harvested via malaise traps, while those of the family Scoliidae were collected in sweep nets.
X Conura spp.(7) X X X CHRYSIDIDAE: Chrysis superba Cresson X MUTILLIDAE: Sphaerophthalminae (*) X Timulla senex (Guerin-Meneville) X SCOLIIDAE: Campsomeris atrata (Fabricius) C.
The four largest families were Apidae (17%), Sphecidae (17%), Tephritidae (15%) and Scoliidae (11%).
Danaus gilippus, milkweed bugs (Hemiptera: Lygaeidae: Lygaeus and Oncopeltus), wasps (Hymenoptera: Pompilidae, Scoliidae, Sphecidae, Vespidae), and Diptera (Bombyliidae, Conopidae, Stratiomyidae) were not observed removing pollinia in either year [ILLUSTRATION FOR FIGURE 3 OMITTED], although pollinia were found in small quantities on some of these visitors in our haphazard collections.
The primary difference in pollinators was the family Scoliidae, which accounted for 104 of the 157 hymenopteran pollinators collected at the blueberry farm.
First confirmed case of pseudocopulation in terrestrial orchids of South America: Pollination of Geoblasta pennicillata (Orchidaceae) by Campsomeris bistrimacula (Hymenoptera, Scoliidae).