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Related to Scolopax: Scolopax rusticola


see snipesnipe,
common name for a shore bird of the family Scolopacidae (sandpiper family), native to the Old and New Worlds. The common, or Wilson's snipe (Capella gallinago), also called jacksnipe, is a game bird of marshes and meadows.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(Scolopax rusticóla), a bird of the family Scolopacidae, order Charadriiformes. The upper part of the body is rusty red with dark spots; the lower part is reddish gray with cross stripes. The bill is long. Length of the body, 34-38 cm; weight, 270-350 g.

The woodcock is widespread in Europe and Asia. In the USSR it is found in the north up to 60°-64° N lat, and in the south to the forest-steppe zone. It winters in southern Europe, Transcaucasia, Middle and South Asia, and North Africa. The woodcock stays in humid mixed and deciduous forests. Propagation begins in April. The nest is on the ground, with four eggs per clutch; only the female broods the young. Food (earthworms and insect larvae) is taken from the soil and the forest floor. The woodcock is hunted for sport.


Kozlova, E. V. “Kuliki.” In Fauna SSSR: Ptitsy, vol. 2, issue 1, part 2. Moscow-Leningrad, 1961.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


1. an Old World game bird, Scolopax rusticola, resembling the snipe but larger and having shorter legs and neck: family Scolopacidae (sandpipers, etc.), order Charadriiformes
2. a related North American bird, Philohela minor
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
2013: Abiotic factors and autumn migration phenology of woodcock (Scolopax rusticola Linnaeus, 1758, Charadriiformes: Scolopacidae) in a Mediterranean area.
2001: Elements for a woodcock (Scolopax rusticola) management plan.
American woodcock (Scolopax minor) winter in the southern United States (1) where they use many different habitat types (2-7).
2003: Individual wintering strategies in the Eurasian woodcock Scolopax rusticola: energetic trade-offs for habitat selection.--PhD thesis, University of Paris 6, France, 253 pp.
Two benthopelagic species, the snipefish (Macroramphosus scolopax [%IRI=34.0]) and the boarfish (Capros aper [%IRI=26.8]), were by far the predominant fish prey items.
2004: Fall movement patterns of adult female American woodcock (Scolopax minor) in the western Great Lakes region.--M.Sc.
tricolor (Vieillot), Wilson's I R phalarope Philomachus pugnax (Linnaeus), I R ruff Scolopax minor Gmelin, American I O woodcock Tringa flavipes (Gmelin), lesser I O yellowlegs T.
American Woodcock (Scolopax minor).--This secretive species frequents the DuPont property, where it undoubtedly breeds.
Scolopax rusticola reported as local resident is Passage migrant: Anas clypeata, Anas penelope, Aythya ferina, Aythya fuligula, Hippolais pallida, Larus ridibundus and Tadorna ferruginea that were reported to be winter migrants were found to be summer migrants whereas Columba oenas and Montifringilla nivalis reported to be summer migrant, were determined to be local residents.
Mandatory Credit: Photo by FLPA/REX/Shutterstock (3262336a)American Woodcock (Scolopax minor) adult male, cal Image Credit: FLPA/REX/Shutterstock By Sarah Kaplan
([paragraph]) Eurasian woodcocks (Scolopax rusticola) are more prone than other species to window collisions during nocturnal migration; thus, their deaths (54 carcasses reported) might not be related to HPAI.