Scombridae


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Scombridae

[′skäm·brə‚dē]
(vertebrate zoology)
A family of perciform fishes in the suborder Scombroidei including the mackerels and tunas.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Scombridae

 

(mackerels and tunas), a family of fishes of the order Perciformes. The body is elongated, spindle-shaped, and somewhat laterally compressed. The caudal peduncle is thin with three or, less commonly, two small thin ridges on each side; there are four to nine small additional fins above and beneath the caudal peduncle. The fishes have two dorsal fins; behind the second dorsal fin and the anal fins are small additional fins. The body is covered with small scales. In some species the posterior end of the body is scaleless, and the anterior part has large scales, which form a kind of carapace. The pectoral fins are situated high up.

There are about 15 genera, distributed in the tropical, subtropical, and, to some extent, temperate seas of the world ocean. The genera most commonly found in the waters of the USSR include Scomber (including the Atlantic mackerel), Sarda (including the Atlantic bonito), and Thunnus (tunas). Less frequently encountered are species of the genera Euthunnus, Katsuwonus, Auxis, and Scomberomorus.

Mackerels and tunas are rapid swimmers. They stay at substantial depths or near the surface. Most species are commercially valuable.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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Ecologia trofica de algunas especies de la familia Scombridae (Pisces) capturados en aguas costeras del departamento del Magdalena, Caribe colombiano.
Paired i-tests were used to test for significant differences in mean larval abundances between the 2 mesh sizes for the groups of interest: unidentified larvae and larvae of Percoidei, Engraulidae, Clupeidae, Scombridae, Sciaenidae, and Lutjanidae.
High polymorphism and moderate differentiation of chub mackerel, Scomber japonicus (Perciformes: Scombridae), along the coast of China revealed by fifteen novel microsatellite markers.
Morphology, systematic and biology of the Spanish mackerels (Scomberomorus, Scombridae).
More than 300 fish species have been linked with the incidence of ciguatera among humans, with carnivorous fish including barracuda (Sphyraenidae spp.), parrotfish (Scaridae spp.), moray eels (Muraenidae spp.), Spanish mackerel (Scombridae spp.), and sea perch and snapper (Lutjanidae spp) possibly the most common sources of the toxins (Lehane et al.
(Linnaeus, 1758) Scombridae Scomberomorus CIUA 19 DAHL, 1971.
However, mortality resulting from incidental bycatch continues as multinational longline fisheries target tunas (Scombridae) and swordfish, Xiphias gladius, throughout the Atlantic (ICCAT, 2001; 2004).
Fish from the family Scombridae (e.g., tuna and mackerel) contain high levels of free histidine in muscle tissue and are the most common sources of scombroid fish poisoning; however, other fish (e.g., mahi mahi, amberjack, bluefish, abalone, and sardines) also have been implicated.
This is due to some morphological aspects that they have in common with bony fishes belonging to the Scombridae family.