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Tennessee's reputation had suffered significantly as a result of the Scopes Trial during the summer of 1925 and the state Supreme Court had only recently ruled on Scopes's appeal (Larson, 1997) The dichotomy between the state's antievolution reputation and its role as host of the nation's leading scientific organization did not escape observers' attention.
Then he made the mistake of getting involved in the Scopes trial. He accepted an invitation to be called as a witness for the prosecution and to opine that every word of the Bible was factual.
What: Touring play, based on the Scopes trial; stars Ed Asner and John de Lancie
He does permit himself an occasional sneer, like the one he lobs at today's Bryan College and its creationist science education: "With Bryan College faculty overseeing the town's portrayal of the Scopes trial, [Bryan] and his ideas still get a fair hearing in Dayton."(8)) But the way he frames the debate, familiar enough in liberal theory, is inapposite.
But it was not another Scopes trial. Early in her struggle, Frost had abandoned the effort to require Christian teaching in the local schools and fought only to have her children excused from having to learn parts of the standardized curriculum.
Lee's Inherit the Wind (1955), a play based on the Scopes trial, later made into a movie (1960), and Darrow also figures largely in Meyer Levin's Compulsion (1956, a book, a play, and a movie), based on the Loeb-Leopold case.
The Scopes Trial of 1925 was one of the many forces that shaped textbook content.
Frudakis, who has made likenesses of Martin Luther King Jr., Alexis de Tocqueville, Benjamin Franklin and others, told Church & State that he has long admired Darrow--he once even had a role in a production of "Inherit the Wind," a play loosely based on the events of the Scopes trial.
This resource contains 45 primary source documents from 1920s America on the return to normal life after World War I; the Sacco-Vanzetti case; prohibition; the age of President Calvin Coolidge; women's life, including the right to vote and the development of birth control; African Americans; the Scopes trial involving the ban on teaching evolution in public schools; international treaty negotiations (the Conference on Naval Disarmament and the Kellogg-Briand Pact); President Herbert Hoover; and new trends in industry, travel, and culture, such as aviation, automobiles, and The Jazz Singer.
However, the situation is similar to that of the Scopes trial. The court decision was sustained in Tennessee and Scopes was dismissed.
In June 1925, a council of the American Association for the Advancement of Science affirmed that "the evidences in favor of the evolution of man are sufficient to convince every scientist of note in the world, and that these evidences are increasing in number and importance every year." That same month, Watson Davis, managing editor of the Science NewsLetter, noted that the very ground on which the Scopes trial was argued contains fossils that "will all be irrefutable witnesses for the defense if men will but use their eyes and their brains."