Scorel, Jan van

Scorel, Jan van

(yän vän skō`rəl), 1495–1562, Dutch portrait and religious painter, influenced by Gossaert in Utrecht and by Dürer in Nuremberg. About 1521 he visited Palestine and later Rome, where he acted as overseer of the Vatican gallery. On his return to Utrecht, he became a priest and later a canon. Many of his major religious paintings have perished. Well known are his Virgin and Child (Berlin), portraits of pilgrims from the Holy Land (museums in Utrecht and Haarlem), and Magdalen (Rijksmus.). Scorel was the master of Antonio Moro and of Heemskerk. His style is characterized by a combination of northern interest in realistic observation and effects of light and shadow with the feeling for statuesque dignity imparted by the Italian High Renaissance.

Scorel, Jan van

 

Born Aug. 1, 1495, in Scorel, present-day Schoorl, near Alkmaar; died Dec. 6, 1562, in Utrecht. Dutch painter; representative of Romanism.

Scorel received a broad humanist education and, beginning in 1516, studied painting under Mabuse in Utrecht. From 1518 to 1524 he traveled through Germany, Switzerland, and Italy and visited Palestine. He also served as curator of the classical statues of the Belvedere Court in the Vatican. Scorel’s best works are distinguished by rich color and poetic landscape backgrounds. Scorel also executed the realistic series Portraits of Pilgrims (Central Museum, Utrecht; Frans Hals Museum, Haarlem).

REFERENCES

Kuznetsov, Iu. I. “Novye proizvedeniia Iana van Skorelia.” Iskusstvo, 1958, no. 9, pp. 65–72.
Friedländer, M. J. Early Netherlandish Painting. Vol. 12: Jan van Scorel and Pieter Coeck van Aelst. Leiden-Brussels, 1975.