Scorpaena


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Scorpaena

 

a genus of fishes of the family Scorpaenidae. They are distributed in subtropical and tropical seas. Two species are found in the USSR, in the Black Sea. The scorpion fish Scorpaena porcus is 7–13 cm long (sometimes up to 30 cm). There are cutaneous outgrowths over the eyes. The coloration is protective; after molting, which occurs once a month, it becomes brighter. The fish is sedentary, hiding on the sea bottom among rocks and algae. When its prey appears (small fishes, worms, crustaceans), the scorpion fish makes a short, rapid assault. The roe are pelagic. The spiny rays of the dorsal, anal, and ventral fins are equipped with poison glands. The fish, which is caught unintentionally with other fishes, has tasty flesh.

References in periodicals archive ?
El estudio de tipo prospectivo y descriptivo, se realizo en los individuos que aduciendo haber sido heridos por el pez oseo denominado localmente como "iganao" (pez escorpion, Scorpaena spp), consultaron la emergencia del ambulatorio rural tipo II de la poblacion de Adicora (Lat: 11[grados]93'N; Long: 69[grados]8'O), region semiarida del nor-occidente de Venezuela.
The fishes most influencing the group of samples from the AS/NHB habitat type (on the basis of SIMPER analysis) were the chain dogfish, members of Anthiinae, the yellowfin bass, the deepbody boarfish, the conger eel (Conger oceanicus), Scorpaena sp.
norvegicus: "Have all the characters of the Scorpaena except that they lack cutaneous filaments, and that their head, less covered with bristles, is scaly.
94 F ECTOPARASITES OF THE CALIFORNIA SCORPIONFISH, SCORPAENA GUTTATA, IN THE SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA BIGHT.
238 111 238 161 Semicossyphus pulcher 135 397 24 89 Caulolatilus princeps 75 54 262 47 Paralabrax clathratus 6 102 92 65 Paralichthys californicus 32 12 49 54 Seriola lalandi 31 74 6 Sphyraena argentea 12 6 18 Cheilotrema saturnum 0 0 21 Paralabrax nebulifer 0 0 18 Cynoscion parvipinnis 3 2 12 Ophiodon elongatus 5 0 3 8 Atractoscion nobilis 12 0 2 1 Girella nigricans 1 4 3 0 Stereolepis gigas 1 0 1 Scorpaena guttata 1 0 0 Coryphaena hippurus 1 0 0 0 Caranx hippos 1 0 0 Total 505 729 755 501 Species Subtotal % Rel % Cum Sebastes sp.
El genero mejor representado fue Sebastes con 9 especies, otros generos importantes fueron Symphurus con 6, Dipectrum, Lepophidium y Scorpaena aportaron 5 especies cada uno.
Tambien se capturaron otras especies de importancia comercial, pero en cantidades muy pequenas, las cuales pertenecen a los generos Lutjanus Bloch, 1790; Balistes Linnaeus, 1758; Epinephelus Bloch, 1790; Nebris Cuvier, 1830; Scorpaena Linnaeus, 1758; Scarus Forsskal, 1775; Sphoeroides Anonymous [Lacepede], 1798; Calamus Swainson, 1839 y Octopus Cuvier, 1797.
Fauna acompanante: Ancylopsetta dilecta, Bothus robinsi, Brotula barbata, Caulolatilus intermedius, Equetus iwamotoi, Haemulon aurolineatum, Halieuthichtys aculeatus, Kathetostoma albigutta, Lepophidium brevibarbe, Ogcocephalus radiatus, Porichthys plectrodon, Saurida caribbaea, Scorpaena dispar, Serranus atrobranchus, Sphoeroides maculatus, Sphoeroides nephelus, Sygnathus caribbaeus, Trichopsetta ventralis, Upeneus parvus y Urophycis floridana.