Scorpaenidae


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Scorpaenidae

[skȯr′pē·nə‚dē]
(vertebrate zoology)
The scorpion fishes, a family of Perciformes in the suborder Cottoidei, including many tropical shorefishes, some of which are venomous.

Scorpaenidae

 

(scorpion fishes), a family of fishes of the order Scorpaeniformes, which a number of ichthyologists include in the order Perciformes. The body reaches a length of 90 cm; the weight is usually 1.5–2 kg. The large head is armed with thorns. There are spiny rays in the fins. At the bases of the rays of the dorsal fin are glands that elaborate a poisonous secretion.

There are more than 70 genera, distributed in seas of the torrid and temperate zones. Four genera, embracing 13 species, are found in the seas of the USSR, for example in the Barents Sea, the Black Sea, and the seas of the Far East. Common in the USSR are species of the genera Scorpaena and Sebastes. Scorpion fishes stay on rocky bottoms. Some species are viviparous. The fishes are predators that feed on other fishes and on crustaceans. Scorpion fishes have great commercial value; they are caught by trawling nets.

REFERENCES

Andriiashev, A. P. Ryby severnykh morei SSSR. Moscow-Leningrad, 1954.
Nikol’skii, G. V. Chastnaia ikhtiologiia, 3rd ed. Moscow, 1971.
Lindberg, G. U. Opredelitel’ i kharakteristika semeistv ryb mirovoi fauny. Leningrad, 1971.
References in periodicals archive ?
Length-weight and length-length relations, and relative condition factor of red lionfish, Pterois volitans (Actinopterygii: Scorpaeniformes: Scorpaenidae), from two natural protected areas in the Mexican Caribbean.
Evolution of the mitochondrial cytochrome b gene sequence in the species-rich genus Sebastes (Teleostei; Scorpaenidae) and its utility in testing the monophyly of the subgenus Sebastomus.
Family Scorpaenidae Classification by Morphology of Venom Apparatuses Subfamily names Scorpaeninae Scorpaeninae Common names Scorpionfish Lionfish (Turkeyfish) Common genera Rhinopias Dendrochirus Scorpaenopsis Pterosis Geographic Mostly tropical Mostly tropical Indian and distributions Indian and Western Pacific Oceans Western Pacific 2 Pterosis species were Oceans introduced into US waters off Few species in the of the coast of Southeast Eastern Pacific Florida in the 1990s and have Ocean from now spread from coastal North coastal California Carolina to Texas and to Central throughout the Caribbean to America Barbados.
En virtud de lo senalado, no es posible hacer comparaciones con las prevalencias de ictioacantotoxicosis por Scorpaenidae ni por otros peces oseos marinos de otras regiones de Venezuela.
Scorpaenidae are more accurately called scorpionfishes or rockfishes.
Feeding ecology of ten species of rockfishes (Scorpaenidae) from the Gulf of Alaska.
Development and occurrence of larvae and juveniles of the rockfishes Sebastes flavidus and Sebastes melanops (Scorpaenidae) off Oregon.
FAMILIA Scombridae 79 Euthynnus lineatus FAMILIA Scorpaenidae 80 Scorpaena mystes FAMILIA Serranidae 81 Alphestes immaculatus 82 Alphestes multiguttatus 83 Cephalopholis panamensis 84 Epinephelus labriformis 85 Paranthias colonus 86 Rypticus nigripinnis 87 Serranus psittacinus FAMILIA Sparidae 88 Calamus brachysomus FAMILIA Synodonthidae 89 Synodus lacertinus FAMILIA Tetraodontidae 90 Arothron hispidus 91 Arothron meleagris 92 Canthigaster punctatissima 93 Sphoeroides lobatus FAMILIA Zanclidae 94 Zanclus cornutus
Thysanichthys evides a senior synonym of Sebastella littoralis, and a valid species of Scorpaenodes (Actinopterygii: Scorpaenidae).
Taxa missing from Phase III, but present in other time periods, are sea chubs (Kyphosidae), mullets, and scorpionfishes (Scorpaenidae).