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(vertebrate zoology)
The scorpions, an order of arachnids characterized by a shieldlike carapace covering the cephalothorax and by large pedipalps armed with chelae.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(scorpions), an order of invertebrates of the class Arachnida. The body, which is 1–18 cm long, is divided into a prosoma and a segmented opisthosoma consisting of a broad anterior section and a long narrow posterior part. The last segment of the opisthosoma contains two poison glands that open at the end of a sharp hooklike sting (telson), which is used as a means of defense and attack. The prosoma bears three to six pairs of eyes and six pairs of extremities—small chelicerae, large chelate pedipalps, and four pairs of walking legs. The respiratory organs are book lungs, which have openings on the third to sixth segments of the opisthosoma.

Scorpions are nocturnal animals that feed on insects, spiders, and myriapods. They are viviparous; the young are carried by the mother during the first days after birth. There are about 500 species, distributed in tropical and subtropical deserts and rain forests. Twelve species are found in the USSR. Scorpion stings are very painful to man, and those of large tropical specimens may be lethal.


Bialynitskii-Birulia, A. A. Skorpiony. Petrograd, 1917. (Fauna Rossii i sopredel’nykh stran... Paukoobraznye, issue 1, no. 1.)
Dogel’, V. A. Zoologiia bespozvonochnykh, 6th ed. Moscow, 1975.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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A revision of the scorpion subfamily Megacorminae (Scorpionida: Chactidae).
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Systematic observations on North American Scorpionida with a key and checklist of the families and genera.
Evidence of chemical signaling in the sand scorpion, Paruroctonus mesaensis (Scorpionida:Vaejo vidae).
Purificacion parcial de las Toxinas Hl1, Hl2 y Hl3 del veneno del escorpion Hadruroides lunatus Koch, 1867 (Scorpionida: Vejovidae).
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Hallazgo del genero Microtityus (Scorpionida: Buthidae), con las descripciones de un nuevo subgenero y tres nuevas especies.
Ananteris venezuelensis (Scorpionida: Buthidae) nueva especie de la Guayana de Venezuela.
A checklist of the Australian Pseudo scorpionida. Bulletin of the British Arachnological Society 5:237-252.