Scottish Gaelic

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Scottish Gaelic

 

the language of the Scots who inhabit the northern (mountainous) part of Scotland and the islands of the Hebrides. It belongs, along with Irish and Manx, to the Goidelic branch of Celtic languages. Scottish Gaelic is a descendant of the language of the Irish who began to migrate to Scotland in the fifth century A.D. It began to separate from Irish only in the 13th century. Records from the 11th to the 15th century do not differ linguistically from those of the Irish. One of the oldest records in Scottish Gaelic proper is the Book of the Dean of Lismore, which dates from the early 16th century. Modern Scottish Gaelic is split into two dialect areas—the eastern and the western. The written literary language, which took shape during the 18th and early 19th centuries, is extremely conservative; consequently, literary works in Scottish Gaelic are written in the dialects with a more or less standardized orthography. Scottish Gaelic differs from Irish Gaelic in phonetics, its simplification of the noun and verb systems, and the presence of Scandinavian lexical items. According to the 1961 census, Scottish Gaelic was spoken by approximately 80.000 people: however, only approximately 1,000 were monolingual Scottish Gaelic speakers.

REFERENCES

Stewart, A. Elements of Gaelic Grammar. 5th ed. Edinburgh. 1901.
Dwelly, E. The Illustrated Gaelic-English Dictionary, 5th ed. Glasgow, 1949.

A. A. KOROLEV

References in periodicals archive ?
Campaigned on the Flat over the summer, Scots Gaelic won a handicap at Fairyhouse before running a fine fourth in the Ascot Stakes at the Royal meeting in June, also making the frame at the Galway Festival.
VVWHAT they say Tim Vaughan, trainer of Scots Gaelic and Hunting Tower "I love him to bits.
COLLECTORS' item: Watching Boro live on the box with commentary in Scots Gaelic.
The experiment, known as Suaineadh - or 'twisting' in Scots Gaelic, was an important step forward in space construction design and demonstrated that larger structures could be built on top of a light-weight spinning web, paving the way for the next stage in the solar power project.
Instead, the successful youngster is Thomas Henry, nine, from Belfast, who will play a member of a tribe of Seal people - sparking fury from Scots Gaelic campaigners.
This is more than simply ambivalence, I think; against a backdrop of "reconditioning," in which Scotland's "linguistic habitus" was cleaned up, MacDiarmid's deliberate use of Scotticisms--his practice of raiding John Jameison's Etymological Dictionary of the Scottish Language (1808)--illustrates decisively a double break between standard English and Scots and between Scots Gaelic and Synthetic Scots.
Seachd - translated as the Inaccessible Pinnacle - is the first commercially released Scots Gaelic feature film.
ON WEDNESDAY night, the Sage's Hall One provides the setting for frequent visitor Beth Nielsen Chapman - this time with her full band - and the award-winning Scots Gaelic singer/multi-instrumentalist, Julie Fowlis.
At a time of rising nationalist feeling in Scotland and Wales, BAFTA's rejection of Oscar hopefuls from both countries--Ashley Way's Welsh-speaking drama "Calon Gaeth," and Simon Miller's hotly tipped Scots Gaelic pic "Seachd: The Inaccessible Pinnacle"--has put the heat on the London-based org.
From a July 2004 conference in Edinburgh, scholars of Celtic languages and literatures present 16 papers, five in Gaelic, on the language, literature, and cultural impact of Scots Gaelic over the centuries.
Or Irish/Gaelic names in Ireland or even Scots Gaelic names in Scotland?