Scottish Gaelic

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Scottish Gaelic

 

the language of the Scots who inhabit the northern (mountainous) part of Scotland and the islands of the Hebrides. It belongs, along with Irish and Manx, to the Goidelic branch of Celtic languages. Scottish Gaelic is a descendant of the language of the Irish who began to migrate to Scotland in the fifth century A.D. It began to separate from Irish only in the 13th century. Records from the 11th to the 15th century do not differ linguistically from those of the Irish. One of the oldest records in Scottish Gaelic proper is the Book of the Dean of Lismore, which dates from the early 16th century. Modern Scottish Gaelic is split into two dialect areas—the eastern and the western. The written literary language, which took shape during the 18th and early 19th centuries, is extremely conservative; consequently, literary works in Scottish Gaelic are written in the dialects with a more or less standardized orthography. Scottish Gaelic differs from Irish Gaelic in phonetics, its simplification of the noun and verb systems, and the presence of Scandinavian lexical items. According to the 1961 census, Scottish Gaelic was spoken by approximately 80.000 people: however, only approximately 1,000 were monolingual Scottish Gaelic speakers.

REFERENCES

Stewart, A. Elements of Gaelic Grammar. 5th ed. Edinburgh. 1901.
Dwelly, E. The Illustrated Gaelic-English Dictionary, 5th ed. Glasgow, 1949.

A. A. KOROLEV

References in periodicals archive ?
Scots Gaelic has 58,000 speakers according to the last census, with most in the Highlands and Island.
Apart from Weld and Tom Mullins, the only other trainer represented today to have sent out the winner is Pat Flynn, who runs Scots Gaelic and Prince Chaparral.
The soundscape will encompass poems from across the centuries and in all the languages and accents of our islands, including the anonymous Scots Gaelic song Dark Alan From Lochy (Ailean Dubh Lochaidh).
Unless you are talking about Tony Martin, the Irish don't do well, so Scots Gaelic can go.
vvWhattheysay Pat Flynn, trainer of Scots Gaelic and Prince Chaparral "Scots Gaelic would have been a very good second in the Ascot Stakes at Royal Ascot last time only for a soft patch he encountered about a mile out that threw him.
Abn d Scots Gaelic has earned a trip to Royal Ascot following his victory at Fairyhouse on Wednesday night.
Scots Gaelic singer Julie Fowlis is among the guests of this band who play Scottish and Irish traditional music with all the Latin American elements of salsa.
This would also affect other language options, which may be offered by students from ethnic minorities in Britain where their home language is not Welsh, English or Scots Gaelic.
HALF-SISTER to Gowran winner Korbous, built on a pleasing run in Roscommon maiden won by Emotional Dream when fourth to Scots Gaelic on her handicap debut at Fairyhouse on Wednesday.
The Waterfordtrainerruns2010winner Galianna and Scots Gaelic, who also scored on his penultimate start over jumps.
Originates from the Scots Gaelic word gob, meaning mouth or beak.
The organisation rated Manx and Cornish as "extinct", and put Scots Gaelic in the same category as Welsh.