Scott, James Brown
Scott, James Brown,1866–1943, American lawyer and educator, b. Ontario. He studied international law at Harvard and at Berlin, Heidelberg, and Paris. He was dean of the law schools of the Univ. of Southern California (1896–99) and the Univ. of Illinois (1899–1903) and professor of law at Columbia and George Washington universities and the Univ. of Chicago. He was solicitor of the Dept. of State (1906–10), delegate to the Second Hague Peace Conference (1907), and a prominent arbitrator in international disputes. One of America's most noted experts on international law, Scott was a trustee and secretary of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace from 1910 to 1940, as well as director of its division of international law. He edited (1907–24) the American Journal of International Law and was president (1915–40) of the American Institute of International Law. His books include The Hague Peace Conference of 1899 and 1907 (2 vol., 1909) and Law, the State, and the International Community (2 vol., 1939).
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Scott, James Brown(1866–1943) international lawyer, educator; born in Kincardine, Ontario, Canada. He came to the U.S.A. in 1876 and served in the Spanish-American War. After a series of posts at law schools, he organized and was first dean of Los Angeles Law School (1896–99), dean at the law college of the University of Illinois (1899–1903), and professor of law at Columbia University (1903–06). He became the chief legal officer of the State Department (1906–11). He then served as secretary of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace (1911–40); during those years he taught occasionally at law schools in the capital's region. He was a strong advocate for an international court of justice to settle disputes.
The Cambridge Dictionary of American Biography, by John S. Bowman. Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1995. Reproduced with permission.