Scott-Heron, Gil

Scott-Heron, Gil,

1949–2011, American poet, musician, and songwriter, b. Chicago. Often considered "the godfather of rap musicrap music
or hip-hop,
genre originating in the mid-1970s among black and Hispanic performers in New York City, at first associated with an athletic style of dancing, known as breakdancing.
..... Click the link for more information.
," he rejected that title, preferring to call his work "bluesology" of simply "black American music." He wrote poetry with a strong social, political, and racial content, which he spoke or sang to a strong percussive beat or other jazz or soul accompaniment. Scott-Heron became famous for his satiric spoken anthem "The Revolution Will Not Be Televised" (1970), which made him a spokesman for African-American protest. He recorded more than a dozen albums, from Small Talk at 125th and Lenox (1970) to I'm New Here (2010); his clear, youthful voice roughened in later recordings due to alcoholism and drug addiction. Among his other well-known pieces are "Lady Day and John Coltrane," "The Bottle," "Home Is Where the Hatred Is," and "Johannesburg."


See his memoir (2012).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.