sgraffito(redirected from Scraffito)
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. 1 Method of ornamenting architectural plaster surfaces. The designs are produced by scratching a topcoat of plaster to reveal an undercoat of contrasting and deeper color.
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a type of decorative mural painting produced by scratching the fine surface layer of plaster until the underlying plaster, which is a different color than the upper, is revealed. In ancient times the sgraffito effect was used in archaic Greek and Etruscan vases. From the 15th to 17th centuries sgraffito was popular in Italian wall decoration. It was mostly used to embellish facades, owing to the durability of the technique. Sgraffiti subsequently spread from Italy to other countries, including Germany and Bohemia. Sgraffito is widely used in 20th-century mural painting.