sgraffito

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sgraffito:

see graffitograffito
. 1 Method of ornamenting architectural plaster surfaces. The designs are produced by scratching a topcoat of plaster to reveal an undercoat of contrasting and deeper color.
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The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/

Sgraffito

Decoration produced by covering a surface, such as plaster or enamel, of one color with a thin coat of a similar material of another color and scratching through the outer coat to show the color beneath.
Illustrated Dictionary of Architecture Copyright © 2012, 2002, 1998 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Sgraffito

 

a type of decorative mural painting produced by scratching the fine surface layer of plaster until the underlying plaster, which is a different color than the upper, is revealed. In ancient times the sgraffito effect was used in archaic Greek and Etruscan vases. From the 15th to 17th centuries sgraffito was popular in Italian wall decoration. It was mostly used to embellish facades, owing to the durability of the technique. Sgraffiti subsequently spread from Italy to other countries, including Germany and Bohemia. Sgraffito is widely used in 20th-century mural painting.

REFERENCE

Krestov, M. A. Shtukalurka sgraffito. Moscow, 1938.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

sgraffito

A type of decoration executed by covering a surface, as of plaster or enamel, of one color, with a thin coat of a similar material of another color, and then scratching or scoring through the outer coat to show the color beneath.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Architecture and Construction. Copyright © 2003 by McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.