Scrophulariaceae


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Related to Scrophulariaceae: Plantaginaceae, Solanaceae

Scrophulariaceae

[‚skräf·yə‚lar·ē′ās·ē‚ē]
(botany)
A large family of dicotyledonous plants in the order Scrophulariales, characterized by a usually herbaceous habit, irregular flowers, axile placentation, and dry, dehiscent fruit.

Scrophulariaceae

 

a family of dicotyledonous plants. The plants are primarily herbs or subshrubs (sometimes saprophytic, hemiparasitic, or parasitic); less frequently are they shrubs and lianas. The leaves are generally alternate but may be opposite or whorled. The bisexual flowers are solitary or in clusters. The calyx is usually four- or five-lobed or four- or five-parted; the corolla is generally irregular, often bilabiate, and four- or five-lobed (rarely six- to eight-lobed). The ovary is superior, and the fruit is usually a capsule.

There are more than 200 genera, embracing about 3,000 species. They are distributed primarily in the temperate belt of both hemispheres. More than 600 species, belonging to 45 genera, are found in the USSR. These genera include Veronica, Pedicularis, Scrophularia, Euphrasia, Linaria, Verbascum, Rhinanthus, and Melampyrum.

Many species grow as weeds in meadows and fields and are sometimes toxic. Digitalis, Verbascum, and some other species are very important medicinal plants. Antirrhinum, various species of Calceolaria, Castilleja, Nemesia, Mimulus, and Veronica are raised as ornamentals.

REFERENCES

Flora SSSR, vol. 22. Moscow-Leningrad, 1955.
Takhtadzhian, A. L. Sistema ifilogeniia tsvetkovykh rastenii. Moscow-Leningrad, 1966.

M. E. KIRPICHNIKOV

References in periodicals archive ?
The most visited plants were mainly ornamental species belonging to the families Acanthaceae, Asteraceae, Caprifoliaceae, Solanaceae and Scrophulariaceae.
Important families: Scrophulariaceae, Oleaceae, Gesneriaceae, Lentibulariaceae.
Por otra parte, ocho familias registran 50 generos o mas: Malvaceae (50 en Mexico, 75 en todo el mundo), Scrophulariaceae (56 y 190), Cactaceae (74 y 100), Rubiaceae (93 y 450), Fabaceae (93 y 440), Orchidaceae (155 y 730), Poaceae (168 y 750) y Asteraceae (361 y 1535).
Striga hermonthica is a member of the Scrophulariaceae family, a widespread group of about 4,000 plant species that includes a couple of "heirloom" garden favorites, foxglove and snapdragon.
Habitat correlated variation in firecracker penstemon Penstemon eatonii Gray Scrophulariaceae seed germination response.
The word "wort" at the end of the common name means that, in the past, it was used as a medicinal herb and, being a member of the Scrophulariaceae, which includes foxgloves, was used to treat skin complaints, like scrofula or the king's evil.
Taxonomic subdivision of these families follows Polhill and Raven (1981) for the Leguminosae, Riedl (1967) for the Boraginaceae, Erdtman in Cantino (1992) for the Labiatae, Melchior (1964) for the Scrophulariaceae, and Caputo and Cozzolino (1994) for the Dipsacaceae.
Habitat: An annual member of the Scrophulariaceae family growing up to 50cm with tiny ovate to lanceolate leaves, small, scalloped-edged, white flowers growing from the axil displaying yellow spots and red veins.
fue clasificado dentro de la familia Scrophulariaceae (Eastwood, 1909; Nesom, 1992; Chuang y Heckard, 1993; Mendez-Larios y Villasenor-Rios, 2001).
Scrophulariaceae Alonsoa acutifolia Milla milla Ruiz & Pav.
Chittamwood] Scrophulariaceae Bacopa rotundifolia (Michx.
En Ecuador hay cuatro familias con mayor expresion de la riqueza, Orchidaceae (3630), Ericaceae (224), Caryophyllaceae (44) y Scrophulariaceae (23).