Sculptor Group


Also found in: Wikipedia.

Sculptor Group

[′skəlp·tər ‚grüp]
(astronomy)
One of the nearest groups of galaxies beyond the Local Group, consisting of about five large galaxies near the south galactic pole.
References in periodicals archive ?
Using the Hubble Space Telescope, astronomers have photographed the central region of NGC 247 - a spiral galaxy located approximately 11 million light-years from Earth in the direction of the southern constellation of Cetus.  NGC 247 is one of the man galaxies that form the Sculptor Group - a group of galaxies associated with the Sculptor galaxy NGC 253.
It is a barred spiral and the brightest member of the Sculptor group of galaxies: the nearest group to our own Local Group.
NGC 253 is the most luminous galaxy in the Sculptor Group and lies
NGC 247 is part of the Sculptor Group, the nearest collection of galaxies to the Local Group, which includes our own Milky Way.
Less than a month after that discovery a possible SN was found in NGC 300, another nearby galaxy and also a member of the Sculptor Group. The object remained rather faint and spectral data were different from that of any type SN.
The nearest galaxy group beyond the Local Group is the Sculptor Group. Five of its members are shown in the chart above.
The 7.2-magnitude Silver Coin Galaxy, NGC 253, is the brightest member of the Sculptor Group, a small cluster of galaxies lying just beyond our Local Group at a distance of roughly 10 million light-years.
They are part of the second nearest galaxy group (10 million light years distant), after the Sculptor group of galaxies which is around 8 million light years away.
Discovered by James Dunlop in August 1826, NGC 300 (also known as Caldwell 70) is a member of the Sculptor Group of galaxies and lies a little more than 6 million light-years away.
NGC 247 is about 7 million light-years away and a member of the Sculptor Group of galaxies, which vies with the Maffei I Group for the title of nearest aggregation to our own Local Group.
Situated 3[degrees] south-southeast of Deneb Kaitos, Beta ([beta])Ceti, this 9th-magnitude dwarf spiral is a member of the nearby Sculptor Group of galaxies.
There's no such grand equivalent near Sculptor, but there is a smaller, closer collection of galaxies known as the Sculptor Group. The brightest of its dozen or so members are NGC 253, NGC 300, and NGC 55.