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(skullcap), a genus of plants of the family Labia-tae. The plants are perennial herbs or subshrubs; annual herbs occur infrequently. The leaves vary from entire to pinnatisect. The flowers are arranged in twos in the axils of the upper leaves; they are frequently clustered together in a dense racemose inflorescence. The calyx is two-lipped, with a shield-like formation on the upper lip. The corolla has a helmet-shaped upper lip. There are four stamens; the fruit consists of four nutlets.

There are about 300 species, distributed in temperate, subtropical, and tropical regions. The USSR has about 120 species (with subspecies), growing mainly in the mountains of the Caucasus and Middle Asia. The most common species is S. galericulata, which grows in the European USSR, Siberia, and Middle Asia on floodplain meadows, in swamps, along the shores of reservoirs and canals, and in flooded forests. The plant is used in folk medicine to arrest bleeding. S. baicalensis, which is found in Transbaikalia and the Far East on rocky slopes, in sandy steppes, and along river banks, is a medicinal plant. A tincture of its rootstock and roots is used as a mild hypotensive agent and sedative. Several species, including S. alpina, S. baikalensis, and S. orientalis, are cultivated as ornamentals.


Iuzepchuk, S. V. “Shlemnik— Scutellaria L.” In Flora SSSR, vol. 20. Moscow-Leningrad, 1954.


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Ademas, se incluyeron sinonimos como especies validas, por mencionar algunas: Asterohyptis mociniana (sinonimo de Hyptis mociniana), Scutellaria dumentorum (sinonimo de S.
The dried root of Scutellaria baicalensis has been used for many years in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) and Western herbal medicine.
An investigation into the efficacy of Scutellaria lateriflora in healthy volunteers.
Collins (1976) described calyx development in eastern species of Scutellaria.
A1--The Teucrioideae, Scutellarioideae and Lamioideae subfamilies (Aegiphila, Scutellaria, Ballota, Leonurus, Leonotis, Sideritis and Stachys)
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For example, asthma therapies in traditional Chinese medicine include ma huang, ginkgo biloba, ginseng, magnolia, Minor Blue Dragon, Scutellaria, cinnamon, and licorice.
Effects of wogonin, a plant flavone from Scutellaria radix, on skin inflammation: in vivo regulation of inflammation-associated gene expression.
The present study was designed to investigate the effects of flavonoids from aerial part of Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi (SSF) on potassium cyanide (KCN)-induced hypoxic cytotoxicity in rat pheochromocytoma cell line PC12, and to understand the probable mechanism.
In traditional Chinese medicine, asthma therapies include ma huang, ginkgo biloba, ginseng, magnolia, Minor Blue Dragon, Scutellaria, cinnamon, and licorice.
Heliotropium tenellum, Scutellaria parvula, Houstonia canadensis,