Scutellaria


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Scutellaria

 

(skullcap), a genus of plants of the family Labia-tae. The plants are perennial herbs or subshrubs; annual herbs occur infrequently. The leaves vary from entire to pinnatisect. The flowers are arranged in twos in the axils of the upper leaves; they are frequently clustered together in a dense racemose inflorescence. The calyx is two-lipped, with a shield-like formation on the upper lip. The corolla has a helmet-shaped upper lip. There are four stamens; the fruit consists of four nutlets.

There are about 300 species, distributed in temperate, subtropical, and tropical regions. The USSR has about 120 species (with subspecies), growing mainly in the mountains of the Caucasus and Middle Asia. The most common species is S. galericulata, which grows in the European USSR, Siberia, and Middle Asia on floodplain meadows, in swamps, along the shores of reservoirs and canals, and in flooded forests. The plant is used in folk medicine to arrest bleeding. S. baicalensis, which is found in Transbaikalia and the Far East on rocky slopes, in sandy steppes, and along river banks, is a medicinal plant. A tincture of its rootstock and roots is used as a mild hypotensive agent and sedative. Several species, including S. alpina, S. baikalensis, and S. orientalis, are cultivated as ornamentals.

REFERENCE

Iuzepchuk, S. V. “Shlemnik— Scutellaria L.” In Flora SSSR, vol. 20. Moscow-Leningrad, 1954.

T. V. EGOROVA

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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Voucher specimens were deposited in the Herbarium of Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine with voucher specimen numbers assigned as DZCM 2015-045 (Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi), DZCM 2015-012 (Lonicera japonica Thunb.), DZCM 2015-013 (Forsythia suspensa (Thunb.) Vahl), DZCM 2015-020 (Gardenia jasminoides Ellis), DZCM 2015-067 (Schizonepeta tenuifolia Briq.), DZCM 2015-039 (Scrophularia Ningpoensis Hemsl.), DZCM 2015-007 (Saposhnikovia divaricata (Turcz.) Schischk.), DZCM 2015-011 (Mentha haplocalyx Briq.), DZCM 2015-035 (Glycyrrhiza uralensis Fisch.), and DZCM 2015-068 (Belamcanda chinensis (L.) DC.).
Lim, "Effect of ganhuangenin obtained from Scutellaria radix on the chemical mediator production of peritoneal exudate cells and immunoglobulin E level of mesenteric lymph node lymphocytes in Sprague-Dawley rats," Phytotherapy Research, vol.
Scutellaria extract decreases the proportion of side population cells in a myeloma cell line by down-regulating the expression of ABCG2 protein.
GQ a Chinese medicinal herb decoction, including four quality assured herbs: Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi., Coptis chinensis Franch., Pueraria lobata (Willd.) Ohwi., Glycyrrihiza uralensis Fisch., has been used as an efficient acute diarrhea medicine from the Eastern Han dynasty for about 2000 years (Li et al., 2004).