nilgirensis Arrow, 4 spots with whitish setae are present on the elytra: one medial and another near the scutellum
dark red-brown, largely apruinose except for silver anterior 1/3, fine dark red-brown setose (apical macrosetae poorly differentiated).
1L) Measurements of whole seeds Scutellum
/ Sample # Length Width Scutellum
seed length & age (mm) (mm) height (mm) ratio FS2 AD (See Table 4 for measurements of later samples) 1220- 1420 FS6 390-50 cal BC FS 19 1950- 1700 cal BC FS47 2460- 1.
In this paper, hydroballochory utilizing the specialized calyx structure (the scutellum
and under lip) is discussed.
dark red-brown, entirely apruinose, fine sparse red-brown setose (apical macrosetae poorly differentiated).
Disc of scutellum
flat, in profile at the same level as mesoscutum.
Four monocultured benthic diatom strains--Cocconeis scutellum
, Cylindrotheca closterium, Licmophora flabellata, and Navicula sp.
Thorax darkish brown with grey microtomentum, except mesonotum glossy darkish brown with sparse black microtomentum; scutellum
darkish brown with gray microtomentum.
densely covered by white setae typical for the genus.
10; similar to male in general structure and coloration, with following exceptions: pronotum, scutellum
, clavus and inner corium dark yellow, outer corium broadly pale green (Fig.
Metamorphosis after 4 days averaged 74% for tin old culture of Cocconeis scutellum
and metanotum shiny, punctate, unsculptured among punctures.