Scythian


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Acronyms, Wikipedia.

Scythian

1. of or relating to ancient Scythia, its inhabitants, or their language
2. a member of an ancient nomadic people of Scythia
3. the extinct language of this people, belonging to the East Iranian branch of the Indo-European family
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Scythian

 

the language of the ancient Scythians; the name usually given to the related Iranian dialects that formed a separate northeastern branch of the Iranian language group.

Speakers of Scythian were known to classical writers as Scythians, Sarmatians, Alani, and Roxolani. In the second half of the first millennium B.C. Scythian dialects spread throughout the extensive area north of the Black Sea and near the Caspian Sea, from the Danube to the Jaxartes (Syr Darya). No connected texts in Scythian have survived, but a considerable number of Scythian personal names, place-names, and names of peoples have been preserved in epigraphs and in the works of classical writers. The grammatical structure and vocabulary of the Scythian-Sarmatian dialects have not been sufficiently studied, but the Iranian character of the dialects is well known, and some essential features of the lexicon, phonetics, and word-formation have been established. The Ossetic language of the Caucasus is one of the descendants of the Scythian-Sarmatian dialects.

REFERENCES

Miller, V. “Epigraficheskie sledy iranstva na iuge Rossii.” Zhurnal Ministerstva narodnogo prosveshcheniia, October 1886.
Miller, V. “K iranskomu elementu v pripontiiskikh grecheskikh nadpisiakh.” Izvestiia Imp. Arkheologicheskoi komissii, 1913, issue 47.
Abaev, V. I. “Skifskii iazyk.” Osetinskii iazyk i fol’klor, issue 1. Moscow-Leningrad, 1949.
Vasmer, M. Untersuchungen über der ältesten Wohnsitze der Slaven [vol.] 1: Die Iranier in Südrussland. Leipzig, 1923.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The agreement supersedes the non-binding letter of intent between Scythian and MMJ previously announced on March 12, 2018, which was extended on March 29, 2018, and extended again on May 1, 2018.
Sustainability may sound like a modern concept, one we should understand better in the 21st century at a time of rising climate pressure; it was well understood by the Scythians many moons ago.
Scythians from north of the Black Sea were, to first-century historian Josephus at least, even lower: "slightly better than wild beasts." A Roman slave was property and not a legal person.
The Amazons cites a number of ancient Greek and Latin sources that explicitly link the Amazons with the nomadic peoples they call "Scythian" (44-59 and passim, esp.
According to conodonts, this biozone's age was Scythian. Based on Kozur's standard biozones (1997), this biozone was the equivalent of the Isarcicella isarcica biozone.
A pixelated interactive art installation on your mobile may be one superlative too far, but spend just half an hour with lead character The Scythian traipsing around the moody woodland environments without so much as an in-game explanation and you'll be completely captivated.
You play as The Scythian, a warrior who, after exploring a forest in search of the Megatome - a book of great knowledge - is forced into cleaning up the mess she's created having unleashed an evil monster.
After the briefest of introductions by a mysterious sharp-suited man known as The Archetype, you find yourself in control of the swordwielding hero - The Scythian. The quest initially involves seeking out and procuring the Megatome, an ancient text which contains arcane knowledge.
The programme includes Prokofiev's rollercoaster Scythian Suite, Liszt's Totentanz, Janacek's radiant Sinfonietta and Berg's Violin Concerto.