Sparidae

(redirected from Sea breams)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus.

Sparidae

[′spar·ə‚dē]
(vertebrate zoology)
A family of perciform fishes in the suborder Percoidei, including the porgies.

Sparidae

 

(porgies), a family of fishes of the order Perciformes. The tall, laterally compressed body is rounded or elongate; it ranges in length from 10 cm to 1.5 m. The back is arched. The coloration is bright and varied. The mouth is in the form of a straight slit; the teeth are numerous and of various shapes, depending on the mode of feeding (predacious, planktivorous, herbivorous). There is a single dorsal fin; its anterior rays are powerful spines that are retractible into a groove on the back.

There are more than 30 genera of porgies, distributed in the temperate and tropical waters of the world ocean. The fishes live close to shore in shallow bays and inlets; they sometimes enter the mouth of rivers. Porgies are only rarely encountered far offshore. Nine species, from eight genera, are found in the waters of the USSR (Black Sea, Sea of Azov, Sea of Japan). The species include representatives of the genera Dentex, Pagrus, and Diplodus. All porgies are hermaphroditic. Most species are commercially valuable.

REFERENCES

Svetovidov, A. N. Ryby Chernogo moria. Moscow-Leningrad, 1964.
Nikol’skii, G. V. Chastnaia ikhtiologiia, 3rd ed. Moscow, 1971.
Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
Optimum ration level and feeding frequency for maximum growth of black fin sea bream were estimated by the maximum percent weight gain of initial weight.
In the present study, best growth performance was noted in juveniles of black fin sea bream (A.
Moreover, feeding level less than 2.5% BWd-1 decreased weight gain, this indicates that sea bream must require 2.5% BWd-1 feeding level for best growth similar to the findings for other fishes with similar feeding behavior (Al-Zahrani et al., 2013; Abbas et al., 2015).
The effects of long-day photoperiod on growth, body composition and skin colour in immature gilthead sea bream (Sparusaurata L.).
Finally, it was concluded that the best source of energy for maximum growth of sea bream A.
Llipid and protein utilization by Gilthead sea bream (Sparus aurata L.) under flow-through system with regard to environmental impact.
Effects of replacement of dietary fish oil by soybean oil on growth performance and liver biochemical composition in juvenile black sea bream, Acanthopagrus schlegeli.
Effect of dietary protein and lipid levels on growth and feed utilization of white sea bream (Diplodus sargus) juveniles.
Specific growth rate (SGR) of juvenile blackfin sea bream fed diet with 20% and 25% lipid were better than the fish fed with 15% lipid level.
In the present investigation, lipid concentration of 20% (25.2 kJ per gram digestible energy) was suitable for the fish to enhance both the WG and the FCR in blackfin sea bream juveniles cultivating from 10.2g to 56.3g.
Similar trend was observed in haddock (Kim and Lall, 2001) and blackfin sea bream in the present study.
This shows that the sea bream can efficiently utilize the diets with low lipid level for lipid synthesis, therefore PER value increased suggesting a compensatory mechanism (Zakeri et al., 2009).