Sean Macbride

Macbride, Sean

 

Born Jan. 27, 1904, in Pietermaritzburg, South Africa. Irish political and public figure; a lawyer by education.

A participant in Ireland’s struggle for independence, MacBride was subjected to persecution by the British authorities. In the 1920’s he was one of the leaders of the Irish Republican Army. During the 1930’s and 1940’s he worked as a journalist and then practiced law. MacBride founded the Republican Party (Clann na Poblachta) in 1936. A republican member of the Irish Parliament from 1947 to 1958, he served as minister of external affairs of the Republic of Ireland from 1948 to 1951.

MacBride has held key posts in numerous international organizations. He helped organize, and took part in, the World Congress of Peace-loving Forces, held in Moscow in 1973, and the World Forum of Peace-loving Forces, held in Moscow in 1977.

MacBride received the Nobel Peace Prize in 1974 and the International Lenin Prize for Strengthening Peace Among Nations in 1976.

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The re-interment gave him the chance to speak his mind to Maud Gonne's son Sean MacBride, then Irish Minister for External Affairs, on the need to address the issues of censorship, divorce, birth control and the place of organized religion in the Irish constitution if there was ever to be any hope of a reunited country.
12 In 1992 he was the first recipient of the Sean MacBride Peace Prize from the International Peace Bureau in Helsinki in recognition of his work for peace and justice in many parts of the world.
In his 1974 Nobel Peace Prize lecture, UN assistant secretary-general Sean MacBride called for an additional set of rights to be enshrined in the declaration: "The right of an individual to refuse to kill, to torture, or to participate in the preparation for the nuclear destruction of humanity."
This biography delves into the political career of Nobel humanitarian and Irish politician Sean MacBride (1904-1988), especially his subversive activities as young man in the Irish Revolution of 1916-23, his role in the Dublin Brigade of the Irish Republican Army during the War of Independence, and his leadership positions in the IRA for 15 years.
Outspoken Sean MacBride caused outrage in court this week when he said he was "sick to the teeth of women coming to court wasting garda time".
Binalakshmi Nepram, founder of Manipur Women Gun Survivors Network and Secretary-General of Control Arms Foundation of India (CAFI), has been awarded the Sean MacBride Peace Prize for 2010.
He received the Sean MacBride International Peace Prize 2000, International Peace Bureau, Geneva and London, one of the world's oldest peace organisations.
Sean MacBride and his commission recommended, among several elements related to cultural respect, licensing journalists and direct financial and professional support from First World media to Third World media.
The couple pleaded guilty to neglecting the child in what Judge Sean MacBride called a 'horrific' case.
They shared the International Peace Bureau's Sean MacBride International Peace Prize for 2000.
She led Bhopal and Charnobyl Medical Commissions and is recipient of 2001 Sean MacBride Peace Award, the Right Livelihood Reward and many others.