Seaplane Base

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Seaplane Base

 

a complex of installations located on a body of water and an adjoining strip of land with airspace, designed for the takeoff, landing, parking, and servicing of seaplanes.

In Russia the first seaplane bases were constructed during the years 1912-14 at Sevastopol’, Revel (Tallinn), and Libava (Liepaia). Seaplane bases are differentiated by intended purpose—civil, military, and specialized (plant, training, experimental) and by length of operation and types of installations and equipment—permanent (with major installations and stationary equipment) and temporary for short-term stationing of seaplanes (with installations of a temporary or transferable type).

Seaplane bases consist of three principal areas: flight zone, technical services zone, and residential zone. The flight zone is a water area located on a river, lake, or sea that is prepared for the takeoff and landing of seaplanes, as well as their taxiing, storage, and servicing while afloat. Its boundaries are designated by special buoys and beacons which are anchored in place and lit at night; the flight runway is approximately 1 km long and approximately 100 m wide. The air approaches to it are selected so as to be free from obstacles.

The base’s land portion is the site of the technical services zone with its buildings and installations designed for 24-hour operation of the seaplanes. These include buildings for controlling flights and serving passengers, as well as moorings, piers, warehouses for fuel and lubricants, water discharge outlets, and repair shops. The residential zone with buildings for community, cultural, and educational activities is also on land.

L. I. GORETSKII

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Americans made good use of its strategic location during World War II by building the Palawan Air Base in Canigaran (the precursor of today's airport) and the vast Naval Seaplane Base that extended from the pier area to Calero.
Saker Aviation Services, Inc., through its subsidiaries, operates in the aviation services segment of the general aviation industry, in which it serves as the operator of a heliport, a fixed base operation (FBO), and as a consultant for a seaplane base. FBOs provide ground-based services, such as fueling and aircraft storage for general aviation, commercial and military aircraft, and other miscellaneous services.
Lake Hood Seaplane Base in Anchorage, Alaska, handles 190 floatplanes per day.
On the other hand, Florida is particularly favorable for float flying and the abundance of fresh-water lakes in the surrounding Winter Haven area makes training at Brown's seaplane base even more inviting.
Saker Aviation Services, through its subsidiaries, operates in the aviation services segment of the general aviation industry, in which it servea as the operator of a heliport, a fixed base operation (FBO), and as a consultant for a seaplane base that it does not own.
The town of Ely became the largest inland seaplane base on the continent.
During World War II, Pembroke Dock was a large navy port and was the biggest seaplane base in the world.
Jack Browns Seaplane base, located in Winter Haven Florida, is one of the premier training facilities in the state, having taught over 17,000 pilots how to take off and land on the water.
Coupled with a seaplane base on Tulagi, to the north across Ironbottom Sound, Guadalcanal's airfield gave Japan a set of aerial pincers that could cut off sea traffic through the sound.
Larry Anglisano's report on Jack Brown's Seaplane Base (March 2016 Aviation Consumer) was spot on.
With more than eighty-seven thousand takeoffs and landings per year, Lake Hood is the busiest seaplane base in the world according to the Alaska Aviation Museum located there at 4721 Aircraft Drive, from which it's possible to watch takeoff and landings from Ted Stevens Anchorage International Airport, just a half-mile away.