Sebastian


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Sebastian,

1554–78, king of Portugal (1557–78), grandson and successor of John III. He was under the regency first of his grandmother (until 1562) and then of his uncle Henry (a cardinal and later king) until declared of age in 1568. Weak and sickly, Sebastian was imbued by his Jesuit training with fanatic religious fervor, which he combined with a tremendous admiration for the military. Thus he viewed himself as a Christian knight and became determined to win glory by fighting the Muslim infidels in Africa. An appeal for help from a pretender to the Moroccan throne gave Sebastian his opportunity. Having secured (1576) a promise of aid from Philip II of Spain (his uncle), he spent vast sums of money in preparation for an expedition against Morocco. In 1578, Sebastian set out with a large force of foreign mercenaries (but no Spanish) and landed in Morocco. His headstrong desire to command and his lack of experience led to defeat in the Battle of the Three Kings at Ksar el KebirKsar el Kebir
, city (1994 pop. 107,065), N Morocco. The name also appears as Alcazarquivir and Al Qasr al Kabir. Near the city on Aug. 4, 1578, the Moroccans soundly defeated the Portuguese.
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. His army was wiped out, and he himself was killed. However, it was not known at the time that he was dead, and rumor had it that he had been captured. The legend that he would return persisted, and Sebastianism (a messianic religious belief) lasted well into the 19th cent. His uncle Henry succeeded him and was the last of the Aviz kings. The crown then went to Philip II, and Spanish control of Portugal began.
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Sebastian

plots to murder Alonso and Gonzalo. [Br. Lit.: The Tempest]
Allusions—Cultural, Literary, Biblical, and Historical: A Thematic Dictionary. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Sebastian

Saint. died ?288 ad, Christian martyr. According to tradition, he was first shot with arrows and then beaten to death. Feast day: Jan. 20
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Sebastian had managed to reach an open window in the Hagley Road home of his owner, 29-year-old Katrin Toots, and leapt out.
But one who has fond memories of the man in his prime is the older of Peake's two sons, Sebastian, who opened the exhibition at the Laing and showed me around.
Glee actress Dianna Agron is reportedly dating Gossip Girl actor Sebastian Stan.
Hair care stylists from Sebastian Professional were in high demand during recent fashion runway shows in New York City.
FORMULA ONE SEBASTIAN VETTEL would be "stupid" to drive for Ferrari while Fernando Alonso is with the team, according to Red Bull Racing advisor Helmut Marko.
International Resource News-10 June 2010-Vaenza acquires Sebastian River Holdings(C)2010 ENPublishing - http://www.enpublishing.co.uk
When Vicky Laverick, from Redcar, received reports that her son Sebastian was struggling to settle in and make progress at primary school, she knew there was more to it than a bit of unruly behaviour.
"Dear Sebastian: Reclaiming the Power of Metaphor" is a memoir by Sebastian's mother, faced with her son's constant outbursts and problems in school.
Eventually Jade meets Sebastian and his little son and their friendship turns into a love affair.
Fourth graders in Barbara Preziosi's class at Sebastian Elementary School are so taken with their Palm Tungsten handhelds that they won't let them go.
"Listening to our conversation, farm boy?" Sebastian gripped my neck and pushed his pockmarked face close to mine.