Sebastian


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Sebastian,

1554–78, king of Portugal (1557–78), grandson and successor of John III. He was under the regency first of his grandmother (until 1562) and then of his uncle Henry (a cardinal and later king) until declared of age in 1568. Weak and sickly, Sebastian was imbued by his Jesuit training with fanatic religious fervor, which he combined with a tremendous admiration for the military. Thus he viewed himself as a Christian knight and became determined to win glory by fighting the Muslim infidels in Africa. An appeal for help from a pretender to the Moroccan throne gave Sebastian his opportunity. Having secured (1576) a promise of aid from Philip II of Spain (his uncle), he spent vast sums of money in preparation for an expedition against Morocco. In 1578, Sebastian set out with a large force of foreign mercenaries (but no Spanish) and landed in Morocco. His headstrong desire to command and his lack of experience led to defeat in the Battle of the Three Kings at Ksar el KebirKsar el Kebir
, city (1994 pop. 107,065), N Morocco. The name also appears as Alcazarquivir and Al Qasr al Kabir. Near the city on Aug. 4, 1578, the Moroccans soundly defeated the Portuguese.
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. His army was wiped out, and he himself was killed. However, it was not known at the time that he was dead, and rumor had it that he had been captured. The legend that he would return persisted, and Sebastianism (a messianic religious belief) lasted well into the 19th cent. His uncle Henry succeeded him and was the last of the Aviz kings. The crown then went to Philip II, and Spanish control of Portugal began.

Sebastian

plots to murder Alonso and Gonzalo. [Br. Lit.: The Tempest]

Sebastian

Saint. died ?288 ad, Christian martyr. According to tradition, he was first shot with arrows and then beaten to death. Feast day: Jan. 20
References in periodicals archive ?
On top of that, Sebastian had to write his own programme notes to accompany his recital - at a whopping 1,200 words.
After discovering Sebastian had previous made similar false claims of sex trafficking in California and Maine, deputies arrested Sebastian on Feb.
San Sebastian and Perpetual tote identical 4-2 marks.
Mateusz Madej has been charged with the murder of Sebastian Zuchlinski.
San Sebastian started off its campaign in the NCAA Season 93 women's volleyball tournament with a strong sweep of Emilio Aguinaldo College, 25-16, 25-19, 25-16, Thursday at Filoil Flying V Centre.
The body of Sebastian Wdowiak, 37, was discovered on Friday, September 29, in a small wooded area belonging to the University of Huddersfield at the back of Sainsbury's car park in Aspley.
Ahead of the parliamentary elections this Sunday in Austria, Joseph Daul, President of the European Peoples Party (EPP), expressed his support for EPP member party Die neue Volkspartei (VP) and its chairman, Sebastian Kurz.
com)-- San Sebastian Food's Pintxo Tasting Tour has been ranked one of the world's top 10 food and wine tours by Trip Advisor, the world's largest travel site.
LITTLE Sebastian McLoughlin who celebrated his last Christmas two weeks ago thanks to generous donations from the public has died.
LITTLE Sebastian Jones has delighted his parents and baffled medics by talking his first steps - after being told that he'd never walk unaided.
Global Banking News-November 12, 2013--Deutsche Bank wins USD8bn court battle against Sebastian Holdings(C)2013 ENPublishing - http://www.
For three decades, Spain's San Sebastian Festival has fought to find its place in the world.