Secessio

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Secessio

 

(Latin, from secedo,“I leave”), in ancient Rome, the formal withdrawal of the plebeians beyond the city limits to the Mons Sacer or the Aventine. The secessions were a unique way of opposing the patricians. The plebeians formed the bulk of the Roman army, and thus their withdrawal left the city virtually defenseless. Although tradition claims five secessions—in 494, 449, 445, 342, and 287 B.C-the authenticity of the first secessions and the accuracy of the dates traditionally accepted in historiography have been called into question.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Similarly, Hans Bluher's Secessio Judaica (1922) accused the Jews of contaminating the German host nation with "corruptive patterns of thought," such as those propagated by Marx, Einstein, and Freud.
(3.) See Hans Blither, Secessio Judaica: Philosophische Grundlegung der historischen Situation des Judentums und der antisemitischen Bewegung (Der Weisse Ritter Verlag, 1922); Adolf Bartels, Rasse und Volkstum: Gesammelte Aufsatze zur nationalen Weltanschauung (Weimar: Duncker 1920).
Huir del poder estatal constituido (la famosa secessio plebis de la Roma antigua) era, para los no siervos, una posibilidad abierta en Europa hasta la cristalizacion de las monarquias absolutas, como se ve en los estupendos versiculos de las coplas de Gomez Manrique (2004, 607) (Exclamacion y querella de gobernacion, circa 1480): "En un pueblo donde moro/ al nescio fazen alcallde/[...] Los cuerdos fuyr devrian/ de do locos mandan mas,/que quando los ciegos guian/ !guay de los que van detras!".
The Eighth Secessio, Exhibition (3 November-27 December 1900) devoted ah entire room to thirteen of Minne's most recent sculptures.
Meleager engages in further demagogic behaviour and, as an inversion of the Roman tradition, Curtius introduces the secessio of the Macedonian cavalry and officer class.
The two classical concepts of secession (secessio) and sedition (seditio) define the theoretical field of the relationship between politics and war and, more generally, between law and conflict.
The difference between secessio (a moderate, 'reasonable' opposition) and seditio (the conditions immediately preceding bellum civile) also corresponds to the different relations between the social forces at work in the political sphere.
Ovid's lines give us the following information about this version of Anna: she was a poor but industrious old woman living in the suburbs of Rome, her benevolent baking and distribution of cakes provided much-needed sustenance for the plebs during their secessio on the Mons Sacer, and the plebs repaid this service when peace was restored by dedicating a cult-statue to her, so founding the cult of Anna Perenna.