Secessio

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Secessio

 

(Latin, from secedo,“I leave”), in ancient Rome, the formal withdrawal of the plebeians beyond the city limits to the Mons Sacer or the Aventine. The secessions were a unique way of opposing the patricians. The plebeians formed the bulk of the Roman army, and thus their withdrawal left the city virtually defenseless. Although tradition claims five secessions—in 494, 449, 445, 342, and 287 B.C-the authenticity of the first secessions and the accuracy of the dates traditionally accepted in historiography have been called into question.

References in periodicals archive ?
Huir del poder estatal constituido (la famosa secessio plebis de la Roma antigua) era, para los no siervos, una posibilidad abierta en Europa hasta la cristalizacion de las monarquias absolutas, como se ve en los estupendos versiculos de las coplas de Gomez Manrique (2004, 607) (Exclamacion y querella de gobernacion, circa 1480): "En un pueblo donde moro/ al nescio fazen alcallde/[...] Los cuerdos fuyr devrian/ de do locos mandan mas,/que quando los ciegos guian/ !guay de los que van detras!".
secessio plebis (in Montem Sacrum) Insurreccion de la plebe y su huida hacia este monte como ultimo recurso cohercitivo para la obtencion de derechos por parte de los patricii.