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1. an aggregate of peoples and territories, often of great extent, under the rule of a single person, oligarchy, or sovereign state
2. any monarchy that for reasons of history, prestige, etc., has an emperor rather than a king as head of state
3. the period during which a particular empire exists
4. supreme power; sovereignty
5. a large industrial organization with many ramifications, esp a multinational corporation



(1) The name for a monarchical state headed by an emperor. An empire is most often a vast state that has incorporated, usually by conquest, the territory of other peoples and states. Some empires included several kingdoms. The Roman state was called an empire after Augustus established the individual power of the emperor in the late first century B.C. Later empires included Byzantium; the Frankish state under Charlemagne, who adopted the title of emperor in 800; and the medieval Holy Roman Empire. Tsarist Russia was an empire from the time of Peter I (1721) until the overthrow of the monarchy in 1917. Other examples of empires are bourgeois France under Napoleon I (the First Empire) and Napoleon III (the Second Empire), Austria from 1804 (Austria-Hungary from 1868) until 1918, and Germany from 1871 until the revolution of 1918.

(2) Large states that have vast colonial possessions. The empire consists of the mother country and its colonies—for example, the British empire included Great Britain and all of its dominions and colonies.


Any of a family of military simulations derived from a game written by Peter Langston many years ago. Five or six multi-player variants of varying degrees of sophistication exist, and one single-player version implemented for both Unix and VMS; the latter is even available as MS-DOS freeware. All are notoriously addictive.
References in periodicals archive ?
In his Rougon-Macquart cycle of 20 novels, Emile Zola set out to dissect the sick tissues of the Second Empire.
For, as Benjamin implies, Napoleon III's success lay precisely in crafting a Second Empire style--repressive governance infused in the materials of technological aesthetic modernity--that sublates revolution and subsumes bourgeois domination and state functionalism.
By focusing on Corot instead of Courbet, Mainardi argues that landscape painting of the Second Empire has been underestimated because of our tendency to view the period as exclusively pre-Impressionist.
This failure paved the way, in Harvey's telling, for the 'smash[ing]' of 'the idea of the city as a body politic', an idea that was 'then interred in the commercial world of commodification and spectacle in Second Empire Paris .
By 1870, Louis Napoleon Bonaparte was in exile, and the Second Empire was over.
Ballydoyle will be looking for a big run from Second Empire, at one stage favourite for last year's Derby but mainly disappointing.
SECOND EMPIRE sets out on a major recovery mission in the Tattersalls Gold Cup at the Curragh today.
Tabor's Aidan O'Brien-trained Second Empire was all the rage for tomorrow's Breeders' Cup Mile.
Each horse carries 126 pounds, except for 3-year-olds Desert Prince, Favorite Trick and Second Empire (123).
O'Brien also had news of Second Empire, who has yet to fully live up to the hype which surrounded him early in the year.
Hot odds-on shot Second Empire was never put into the race with an earthly by veteran jockey Christy Roche as Desert Prince (8-1) stole the show.
Patricia Mainardi, amongst others, has re-examined and rethought the art politics of the Second Empire and early Third Republic.

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