Second Revolution

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Second Revolution


the conventional historical designation of the uprising of military units in central and southern China during July and August 1913 against the president-dictator Yuan Shih-k’ai and in defense of the republic. The Second Revolution was the end of the Hsinhai Revolution.

After coming to power in 1912, Yuan Shih-k’ai began to establish a military dictatorship. In the spring of 1913 he moved toward open repression of bourgeois republican forces. For example, the Kuomintang candidate for prime minister, Sung Chiao-jen, was assassinated, a large foreign loan was concluded without the consent of parliament, and the reactionary Peiyang Army pulled together in the Yangtze Basin. In response to these actions the left wing of the Kuomintang, led by Sun Yat-sen, urged armies loyal to republican ideals to revolt. On July 12, 1913, the military governor of Kiangsi Province, Li Lieh-chün, declared war on Yuan Shih-k’ai. Revolts soon broke out among the armies quartered in Kiangsi, Anhwei, Fukien, Hunan, Kwangtung, and Szechwan. The Second Revolution was suppressed by the Peiyang troops at the end of August 1913.


Belov, E. A. Revoliutsiia 1911-1913 gg. v Kitae. Moscow, 1958.


References in periodicals archive ?
With photos) TUNIS, Jan 14 (KUNA) -- Kuwait's Deputy Prime Minister and Foreign Minister Sheikh Sabah Al-Khaled Al-Hamad Al-Sabah met Tunisian President Moncef Marzouki on Monday during his attendance of Tunisia's second revolution anniversary celebrations.
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Benstead of Portland State University Ellen Lust of Yale, and Dhafer Malouche of Carthage University - suggests that Tunisians are not ready for a second revolution as media reports suggest.
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He said Egypt's second revolution of January 25, 2011 was complementary to July 23, 1952 revolution.
Athar also said that she is praying that a second revolution does not break out after announcing the results of the presidential election.
At the top, he moved to the side and walked the braces and cables on the second revolution, staying upright.
By calling for a second revolution on January 25 this year, these people are insulting the revolution in January last year, which has been irrevocably recorded in the annals of the nation's history.
If January 25 Revolution would not end with an elected parliament and president, the Egyptian people would start the second revolution, Sabbahi said.
Our second revolution must be even more focused, as we now face an even greater challenge, one that comes from the outside,'' he said in a speech addressed to 192 heads of state and government who gathered for the annual U.
They also note that a second revolution in the field is underway with growing success in culturing microorganisms, even those previously thought of as unculturable.