second-strike capability


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Related to second-strike capability: First strike capability

second-strike capability

[′sek·ənd ¦strīk ‚kā·pə′bil·əd·ē]
(ordnance)
The ability to survive a first strike with sufficient resources to deliver an effective counterblow (generally associated with nuclear weapons).
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

second-strike capability

(STRATEGIC THEORY) the ability of a defending STATE to absorb a nuclear ‘first strike’ and to have a capability to guarantee a counterattack of sufficient force to inflict massive destruction against an aggressor. During the 1960s the US and the USSR sought to maintain a second-strike capability by both increasing their nuclear arsenals and protecting nuclear weapons by siting them in underground silos, nuclear submarines, and constantly airborne aircraft. A consequence of the attempt to maintain a second-strike capability was an acceleration of the ARMS RACE. See also NUCLEAR DETERRENCE, MUTUAL ASSURED DESTRUCTION.
Collins Dictionary of Sociology, 3rd ed. © HarperCollins Publishers 2000
References in periodicals archive ?
This capability would provide Pakistan with (partial) second-strike capability at sea, because short range of the cruise missile and limited endurance of conventional submarine cannot be termed as assured second-strike capability but still it is considered as a significant development.
The credible second-strike capability would give the Indian military a confidence to launch CSD or proactive type of operations to deter Pakistan's nuclear response.
The missile gives Pakistan a credible second-strike capability, ISPR said, adding: "Pakistan eyes this landmark development as a step toward reinforcing the policy of Credible Minimum Deterrence through indigenization and self-reliance." Pakistan's president and prime minister congratulated the scientists, engineers and personnel involved in the effort.
It is also simultaneously furthering accuracy of its sea-based second-strike capability, such as ballistic missile submarine (SSBNs) and a ship launch ballistic missile.
Also emphasized is India's goal to ultimately develop an invulnerable, and lethal, second-strike capability to achieve deterrence.
Since the slide must cycle to precock the striker, there's no second-strike capability; if you have a dud round, you must eject it and resume firing.
Multiplying its second-strike capability through its Minimum Credible Deterrence (MCD), Pakistan will soon deploy a nuclear-armed, submarine-launched variant of Babur, similar to the United States' BGM-109 Tomahawk.
This means developing a reliable retaliatory force, providing anarchists with what is referred to as a second-strike capability. (8) According to Stewart (1967, 8),
Moreover, Indian BMD could also tempt Pakistan to work on Multiple independently targetable re-entry Vehicles (MIRVs) or the sea based nuclear deterrent by developing the submarine launched variant on conventional submarine to ensure the survivability of its nuclear forces and to have an assured second-strike capability.
One of the ideas to emerge from this was the concept of mutually assured destruction -- in particular, the importance of second-strike capability -- in which both sides understand that they'll lose in a conflict.
President of the think-tank Zafar Iqbal Cheema said Pakistan had improved its second-strike capability.
(10) This second-strike capability defines the baseline for US deterrence capability, but it is not the only option of which US forces are capable.