Székely

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Székely

(sā`kəlē), ethnic group of TransylvaniaTransylvania
, Rom. Transilvania or Ardeal, Hung. Erdély, Ger. Siebenbürgen, historic region and province (21,292 sq mi/55,146 sq km), central Romania.
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 and of present-day Romania. Except in a few isolated communities, where the ancient customs of the Székely have survived, there is little difference between Székely and MagyarsMagyars
, the dominant people of Hungary, but also living in Romania, Ukraine, Slovakia, and Serbia. Although in the past it was thought a common origin existed among the Magyars, the Huns, the Mongols, and the Turks, modern research has disproved this claim.
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. The Székely (also known as Szeklers or Siculi) came into Transylvania either with or before the Magyars. Their organization was of the Turkic type, and they are probably of Turkic (possibly Avar) stock. By the 11th cent., however, they had adopted Magyar speech. They later formed one of three privileged nations of Transylvania (the others were the Magyars and the Saxons). With their own military and civil organization, they enjoyed autonomy under the Hungarian crown and were, without exception, regarded as of noble birth; they were exempt from taxation. In the 16th cent. the majority of the Székely accepted Calvinism as their religion, while some became Unitarians or remained Roman Catholics. Their privileges declined in the 18th cent. under the rule of Maria Theresa and Joseph II. The Austrian attempt to impress the Székely into service as a border militia met with widespread resistance. In 1763 a large number of Székely who sought to escape the Austrian recruiting agents were massacred at Madefalva. Many subsequently emigrated to Bukovina and Moldavia. The last remnants of Székely autonomy were suppressed by Austria after the Revolution of 1848. In post-cold-war Romania, where the Székely form roughly a third of the ethnic Hungarian population, members of the group have been among the most vocal Hungarians seeking an autonomous Hungarian region in Transylvania.
References in periodicals archive ?
Huza, Ana, and Secui, Monica (2013), "Ethical perspectives in adolescence: Relativism and idealism," Romanian Journal of School Psychology, 12: 102-115.
Tribus Terrabas Parcialidades Casas Caciques Secui 9 1 Zuniu 9 1 Sanasuru 6 0 Guangura 6 1 Curagasa 6 0 Yquencua 2 0 Zurgurum 8 1 Sanuroc 2 0 Quegsan 2 0 Urugubau 4 0 Magrasa 1 0 Cuyusurum 8 1 Quanque 8 0 Surca 4 0 Ystaque 1 0 Quansan 3 0 Corqua 3 0 Porubri 2 1 Danabagra 8 3 Damagra 4 0 Nangura 3 0 Chirinama 2 0 Ysurca 2 0 Tanguri 4 0 Monio 2 0 Total 109 9 N.
Haud impune tamen monstrifer egit, nam ferro secui mox caput eius, perfodique nocens stipite corpus [.
In this role Kain established significant OEM partnerships with 3Com Corporation and SAMSUNG's Secui.
Global channel partners now include Azlan, the leading pan-European networking solutions group; Asgent, Japan's leading developer and distributor of network security solutions; and Secui.
The company recently agreed on an original equipment manufacturing (OEM) arrangement to sell Crossbeam's security services switches under the Secui name.
SecuForce -- BPA has enabled several Certificate Authorities (RSA, Baltimore, Microsoft, Secui, and Initech) and five fingerprint scanning devices (Siemens, Identix, SecuGen, Hunno and Veridicom) to provide complete vendor independence for enterprise customers.
UniSecurity was founded in April 2000 by James Han and two co-founding companies, Samsung Data Systems America and Secui.
Network Flight Recorder(R) (NFR)(Bloomberg Ticker: 9022Z EQUITY), a technology leader in intrusion detection and network monitoring, today announced it had entered into an OEM agreement with Secui.