Seipel, Ignaz

Seipel, Ignaz

(ĭg`näts zī`pəl), 1876–1932, Austrian chancellor (1922–24, 1926–29). A Roman Catholic priest, he was elected to the Austrian parliament in 1919 and became leader (1921–29) of the Christian Socialist party. As chancellor he did much to stabilize finances by introducing stringent economies and securing an international loan guaranteed by the League of Nations. His criticism of parliamentary democracy and his support of the Heimwehr, the Austrian fascistic militia, are thought to have paved the way for the quasidictatorial rule of DollfussDollfuss, Engelbert
, 1892–1934, Austrian chancellor. A Christian Socialist, he rose to prominence as leader of the Lower Austrian Farmers' League and became minister of agriculture in 1931.
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 and SchuschniggSchuschnigg, Kurt von
, 1897–1977, Austrian chancellor. He served (1932–34) as minister of justice and education and helped Engelbert Dollfuss repress the Social Democrats and organize the corporative state. After Dollfuss's assassination (1934) he became chancellor.
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See biography by K. von Klemperer (1972).

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Seipel, Ignaz


Born July 19, 1876, in Vienna; died Aug. 2, 1932, in Pernitz. Austrian political figure. Leader of the Christian Socialist Party, professor of theology, and Catholic prelate.

In 1918, Seipel became the minister of social welfare in the last government of the Hapsburg monarchy. From 1922 to 1924 and from 1926 to 1929 he was the chancellor of Austria. Toward the end of 1930 he became Austria’s minister of foreign affairs. Seipel supported fascist organizations. His government dealt cruelly with the massive antifascist demonstration of Viennese workers, which took place in 1927 from July 15 to July 17.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.