Seleucia


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Seleucia

(səlo͞o`shə), ancient city of Mesopotamia, on the Tigris below modern Baghdad. Founded (c.312 B.C.) by Seleucus ISeleucus I
(Seleucus Nicator) , d. 280 B.C., king of ancient Syria. An able general of Alexander the Great, he played a leading part in the wars of the Diadochi. In the new partition of the empire in 312 B.C. he received Babylonia.
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, it soon replaced Babylon as the main center for east-west commerce through the valley. The city was the eastern capital of the Seleucids until the Parthians conquered it. The Seleucids then moved their capital across the river to CtesiphonCtesiphon
, ruined ancient city, 20 mi (32 km) SE of Baghdad, Iraq, on the left bank of the Tigris opposite Seleucia and at the mouth of the Diyala River. After 129 B.C. it was the winter residence of the Parthian kings. Ctesiphon grew rapidly and was of renowned splendor.
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, and Seleucia was thus superseded. In a Parthian campaign Trajan burned the city, and in A.D. 164 it was destroyed by Romans. Another Seleucia was founded by Seleucus I in Syria as the seaport for Antioch on the Orontes.

Seleucia

 

in antiquity, a number of cities founded by Seleu-cus I Nicator or named after him.

Seleucia-on-Tigris, founded in 312 B.C., was the capital of the Seleucid state and a major trading center, crossed by trade routes between east and west. In the first century A.D. it had about 600,000 inhabitants. From about A.D 150 it was under Parthian rule. Seleucia-on-Tigris was destroyed in A.D. 164 or 165 by the Roman general Avidius Cassius.

Seleucia Pieria was founded about 300 B.C. From 245 to 219 B.C. it was under the rule of the Ptolemies. It was the harbor of Antioch. In the first century A.D. it was annexed by Rome, which used it as a major anchorage for its fleets. In the fifth and sixth centuries A.D. the city fell into decline. Seleucia Pieria was devastated by an earthquake in A.D. 526 and finally destroyed in the Persian and Arab conquests of the sixth and seventh centuries, respectively.

Seleucia

1. an ancient city in Mesopotamia, on the River Tigris: founded by Seleucus Nicator in 312 bc; became the chief city of the Seleucid empire; sacked by the Romans around 162 ad
2. an ancient city in SE Asia Minor, on the River Calycadnus (modern Goksu Nehri): captured by the Turks in the 13th century; site of present-day Silifke (Turkey)
3. an ancient port in Syria, on the River Orontes: the port of Antioch, of military importance during the wars between the Ptolemies and Seleucids; largely destroyed by earthquake in 526; site of present-day Samandag (Turkey)
References in periodicals archive ?
Los primeros capitulos de la obra (De synodis, 1-12) estan dedicados a atacar la formula de fe elaborada por un pequeno grupo de obispos en el sinodo de Sirmio IV (359) (10), que se reunio para preparar los sinodos de Rimini (para Occidente) y de Seleucia (para Oriente).
Si observamos la figura 1, un obolo acunado en Seleucia del Tigris que emplea un tripode-lebes rodeado por un circulo de puntos en el anverso y el motivo del ancla en el reverso, vemos como tripode y ancla comparten espacio en una misma moneda, pudiendo interpretarse como manifestacion de la union de Apolo y el ancla.
Salamis, Barnabas's home city, is only a day's sail from the port of Antioch at Seleucia.
Disdaining Cassius' idea of following the Euphrates towards the Parthian capital of Seleucia, to ensure a constant supply of water and to protect one of his flanks, Crassus deliberately ordered an advance away from the river and straight out into the desert.
These finds indicate that the circulation of fine art objects was not limited to the capital cities of the Hellenistic kingdoms in the east, such as Alexandria in Egypt or Antioch and Seleucia in Syria, where the main populations were Greek, but also spread to smaller centers, such as Dor, which was primarily populated by local Phoenician inhabitants.
Con Descartes se trastoca la filosofia, Galileo quebranta la fisica aristotelica de corte cualitativo, Copernico vuelve a instaurar la idea ya insinuada por Aristarco de Samos y Seleuco de Seleucia sobre el modelo heliocentrico, Bacon instaura su Novum Organon como oposicion al Organon Aristotelico y Leonardo da Vinci realiza disecciones humanas para estudiar el cuerpo humano cientificamente, practica prohibida en la edad media y parte del renacimiento.
About 150 BC, Babylonian astronomer Seleucus of Seleucia (now Iraq) correctly described tides in order to support his theory that the Sun was the centre of the universe.
F (2003), Parthian Calendars at Babylon and Seleucia on the Tigris.
Por ejemplo, la anedocta del sofista Alejandro cuando fue en embajada representando a Seleucia ante el emperador Antonino.
Ahora bien, la poetica de Siguenza concuerda con la de sor Juana en lo referente al poder espectacular y seductor de la imagen en el orden de lo simbolico y lo politico; si bien esta conviccion cruza todo el texto, queda especialmente clara en una cita de san Basilio de Seleucia muy afin en este punto al espiritu del barroco:
After the end of Hellenistic Dynasty from Seleucia, a tribe subdued by Persians took over the initiative of Persian recovery and creates the Parthian Kingdom under the Dynasty of the Arsacids and Sasanids.