Self-Perfecting

Self-Perfecting

 

(samovospitanie), a person’s systematic activity, aimed at developing or improving moral, physical, and aesthetic qualities and habits of behavior to correspond with a socially determined ideal.

The content of self-perfecting always depends on the social and historical conditions under which the individual lives and develops. The individual’s demands on himself, as well as the qualities he seeks to develop, are determined by his living conditions, which establish the ideological principles and ideals of self-perfecting, as well as the means for achieving them. Marx wrote: “My own being is social activity; and therefore, what I make of my own person, I make out of myself for society, recognizing myself as a social being” (in K. Marx and F. Engels, Iz rannikhproizvedenii, Moscow, 1956, p. 590).

In antagonistic class society the aims of self-perfecting and the means of engaging in it vary, depending on the class. In socialist society the aims of self-perfecting for each conscious citizen are determined by common goals—building communism and providing for the comprehensive development of every individual. Self-perfecting is part of communist education and part of the entire process of the people’s cultural development. In public activity, at work, and in school, when a certain level of consciousness and self-knowledge is reached, a person also develops the capacity for self-analysis, self-observation, and self-evaluation, as well as the ability to understand the actions of others, and he arrives at the realization that the personal features of his behavior must correspond to the requirements of socialist society and communist morality.

Even during adolescence one becomes familiar with various forms and methods of self-perfecting such as self-criticism, self-persuasion, autosuggestion, obligation to oneself, and imaginatively putting oneself in another’s place. During one’s youth the link between self-perfecting and self-education, the active striving for moral and physical self-improvement, becomes stronger. A number of factors contribute to the formation of correct views regarding reality, temper the will, and raise the consciousness of the citizens of socialist society, including the conscious overcoming of obstacles to the achievement of noble purposes, competition with others to attain these purposes, maintenance of an irreconcilable attitude toward one’s shortcomings, and critical and systematic examination of one’s own behavior.

An individual’s personal qualities are developed through self-perfecting in the family and in educational and production groups. Important factors motivating self-perfecting are the demands of the group to which one belongs, the desire to be worthy of a favorable response to one’s actions, and the wish to increase one’s authority with one’s comrades.

Socialist society makes high demands on every citizen and continually expands the possibilities for self-perfecting. The results of self-perfecting are tested in daily practice, as well as by the role self-perfecting plays in improving the individual and the group, in conformity with the demands of communist morality. Social demands and the individual’s desire for self-perfecting based on communist ideals become more closely and more harmoniously combined in developed socialist society.

S. M. KOVALEV [22–15874]

Mentioned in ?
References in classic literature ?
We often think that by removing all the difficulties of our life we shall more quickly reach our aim, but on the contrary, my dear sir, it is only in the midst of worldly cares that we can attain our three chief aims: (1) Self-knowledge- for man can only know himself by comparison, (2) Self-perfecting, which can only be attained by conflict, and (3) The attainment of the chief virtue- love of death.
First, democracy is an evolving system, self-perfecting without any pre-determined final point.
That is because the norms are not designed for self-perfecting the individual, even if the self-perfected individual recognizes and benefits from their contribution to her perfection.
"Eid Al-Fitr marks the ending of the month of Ramadan during which all Muslims in the world strive for spiritual self-perfecting. During the holy month people try to be merciful and compassionate and help those in need," reads the message.
Perhaps this image on the wall is meant to remind citizens to stay in touch with their origins so they won't begin to feel like they've broken the chain of evolution and become self-perfecting organisms living in some untouchable ozone.
(2) Moreover, it was a genre in which a wide array of more concrete or technical discourses --common law, public law, military history, diplomatic history, treaty collections--were incorporated in higher-level discourses of theological or political rationality by being subjected to particular processes or practices of 'abstraction': for example, by being annexed to metaphysical doctrines of man's self-perfecting rational or social being; civil discourses on man's pursuit of security in the state via the social contract; (Stoic) humanist discourses on a society of nations grounded in man's cosmopolitan nature; and so on.
For Confucius, the process of self-perfecting did not reach its end in his lifetime.
examines the origins of the Realsymbol by initially isolating four of its predicates: "analogous," "sacramental," "self-perfecting," and "embodied thought," and indicating where these are developed within Rahner's corpus.
Rather, Nietzsche's perfectionism is to be understood in terms Nietzsche's intention philosophically to engage his reader in the self-disruptive task of self-perfecting.
In the Symposium, Socrates identifies himself with the thesis of Diotima that there is a continuous erotic ascent that takes us up the ladder via politics to philosophy; in slightly different terms, the philosophical erotics as practiced by Socrates provides us with both egoistic or self-perfecting pleasure as well as the spirit of philanthropy (pp.
As saints, they make works of art of their lives--of their self-perfecting. Their secretion is so produced as to shape itself.
This month is the period of mercy, spiritual self-perfecting, solidarity.