Self-Propelled Gun

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Self-Propelled Gun


an artillery gun on a self-propelled tank chassis.

Self-propelled guns were used during World War II to fight enemy tanks, provide tanks and infantry with accompanying fire to destroy and neutralize enemy manpower and fire weapons, and destroy enemy defensive structures. The guns are fired from open and concealed fire positions. Organizationally, in the armed forces of the USSR self-propelled guns were operated by the detached self-propelled artillery regiments of large mechanized units. Among the self-propelled guns developed and deployed in 1943–44 were light types weighing up to 20 tons (SU-76 and SU-57); medium, up to 40 tons (SU-85, SU-100, and SU-122); and heavy, more than 40 tons (SU-152, ISU-122, and ISU-152). The numbers 57, 76, and so on signified the caliber of the gun; the caliber was usually larger than that of the gun of the tank on whose chassis it was mounted. Self-propelled guns traveled at speeds of up to 55 km/hr, were operated by a crew of four or five men, and had a firing range of 8–15.7 km. Unlike tanks, self-propelled guns do not have rotating turrets.

During the Great Patriotic War, the active army received about 22,000 self-propelled guns, of which 59 percent were light, 21.5 percent medium, and 19.5 percent heavy. Self-propelled guns were also used by the armed forces of fascist Germany, the United States, and Great Britain. The Soviet models were superior in terms of mobility and fire power to the comparable guns of the fascist German Army (75, 105, 128, and 155 mm) and the Ferdinand 88-mm antitank assault gun. The US armed forces used 75-, 105-, 155-, and 203-mm self-propelled howitzers and 76-, 90-, and 155-mm self-propelled cannon. Great Britain had 76-mm cannon and 87.6-mm howitzer cannon.

References in periodicals archive ?
Initiatives to develop and refine wheeled truck chassis based SPAs have further expanded the fielding of self-propelled guns into applications that previously were dominated by towed systems such as supporting expeditionary, airborne and light combat forces.
As with all proposals based upon self-propelled guns this will require the development of a modified charge system.
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We will have displays of the Warrior Armoured fighting vehicles and AS90 self-propelled guns.
In return, Turkey has increased the number of its F-16s deployed along the Syrian border from 14 to 18, while dispatching its Fyrtyna self-propelled guns to the area.
On land, China has 9,150 tanks, 4,788 armored fighting vehicles, 1,750 self-propelled guns, 6,246 towed artillery, and 1,770 multiple-launch rocket system.
The JCS confirmed that the North Korean offshore military exercise began around 12:15 pm (local time), adding that a part of North Korea's shelling reached South Korean side of the NLL (Northern Limit Line) and South Korea responded with K-9 self-propelled guns into the North Korean waters above NLL.
LTC Bird: "That mission was to accompany a patrol to seek out and destroy one or more self-propelled guns or tanks.
South Korean news reports said the drills lasted for about two hours and involved K-9 self-propelled guns and other artillery.
South Korean marines stationed on Baengnyeong Island and Yeonpyeong Island took part in the two-hour maritime shooting exercise, the report said, adding that K-9 self-propelled guns and other artillery were mobilized for the drill.
The rockets will bolster South Koreas defenses, which rely largely on marines, self-propelled guns and other weapons on the islands.
The South is deploying more K-9 self-propelled guns, as well as replacing 105-mm howitzers with longer range weapons and bolstering a tank contingent.

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