self-government

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self-government

the government of a country, nation, etc., by its own people

Self-Government

 

the management of the affairs of a territorial community, organization, or group independently by its members, through elective bodies or by direct means such as assemblies or referenda. The main features of self-government are the possession of public power by the people or electors of a particular territory or by the members of a public organization or group, their autonomy in deciding internal questions, and the absence of externally appointed governing bodies.

In local self-government, one of the types of state administration at the local level, the population of an administrative and territorial unit manages local affairs autonomously, either indirectly through elected bodies or directly, within the limits of laws established by the state. Introduced in Western Europe as a result of the bourgeois revolutions, the system of local self-government completed its development under premonopoly capitalism. Bourgeois local self-government was very narrowly applied. At the sociopolitical level, it was a sham, because formal recognition of the members of the community as the agents of government was combined with the de facto elimination of the exploited masses from participation in government. The growth of centralism and the increase in state intervention in local affairs, which accompanied the transition to the imperialist stage of capitalism, resulted in the loss of even the limited autonomy of bourgeois self-government and in its transformation into a component of the administrative apparatus of the state.

The broadening of the powers of the bodies of local self-government is among the general democratic demands of the working class in contemporary capitalist states. However, contrary to the claims of bourgeois and reformist ideologists, democratizing local administration and broadening the functions of locally elected bodies (municipalities) are not sufficient to produce change in the character of the bourgeois state or the capitalist system. V. I. Lenin exposed the opportunistic essence of the conceptions of municipal socialism and emphasized the class limitations of bourgeois local self-government and its narrowness and impotence when confronting centralized power (Poln. sobr. soch., 5th ed., vol. 17, p. 163).

Complete, consistently democratic, local self-government develops with the victory of the socialist revolution. In the socialist states, local self-government has a qualitatively new basis. Local representative bodies of state authority are organized and function so that the working people participate in administering local affairs and in deciding issues relevant to the entire state. In socialist society the working people exercise political power through their own state and through various public mass organizations and other bodies of independent civic activity. The activity of these organizations and bodies in guaranteeing the interests of the working people, in meeting their material and cultural needs, and in carrying out governmental tasks assigned to them constitute a form of social self-government, which is one of the manifestations of popular rule and socialist democracy. Public mass organizations and bodies of independent civic activity are components of the political organization of socialist society.

Social self-government continues to have a political character under socialism, playing a tremendous role in involving the working people in regular and active participation in administering government and public affairs. As the socialist state develops and perfects its political system, a state of the whole people emerges—a transitional stage in the development toward the stateless form of organization under communist society, toward the full implementation of social self-government. The development of social self-government is one of the principal means for the gradual transition to communist social self-government.

G. V. BARABASHEV [22–16334]

References in periodicals archive ?
(2016), "Gender, Work, and Wages: Patterns of Female Participation in the Labor Market," Journal of Self-Governance and Management Economics 4(1): 128-134.
HDP Co-chair Selahattin DemirtaE- also said during a rally in Van province on Thursday that the issue of self-governance for Kurdish people should be discussed domestically, calling on Prime Minister Ahmet Davutoy-lu to talk about the autonomy of self-governance during a live TV show.
Situated in a growing urban centre in the heart of the Okanagan Valley, Westbank has a population of 9,000 to 10,000 souls, and with infrastructure in place and self-governance, Westbank has been able to capture non-Native investment.
Nica, Elvira (2015b), "ICT Innovation, Internet Sustainability, and Economic Development," Journal of Self-Governance and Management Economics 3(3): 24-29.
Co-mayors of Diyarbakyr's Sur district, Seyid Narin and Fatma E[currency]yk Barut, and co-mayors of the Silvan district of Diyarbakyr, YE-ksel Bodakcy and MelikE-ah Teke, were among those who were arrested on charges of "disrupting the unity and territorial integrity of the state" for their statements on "self-governance."
I think politics is a private matter unless you seek election, but in this case I have to say it seems we are generally in favour of self-governance for our region but because we don't believe we have been offered a realistic opportunity to achieve this we are going to vote no.
The autonomous animal; self-governance and the modern subject.
Katz and his team will compare communities with different governance models (federal, provincial and self-governance models) and compare communities with better health outcomes to those with worse outcomes.
UNODC will also render assistance in the process of developing a local crime prevention strategy and its further implementation with participation of local self-governance bodies, local crime prevention centres and civil society.
Should you choose (b) all that is required is that you vote for a candidate representing the Conservative, Liberal Democrats, Labour, SNP, Plaid Cymru or Green Parties as all six parties are dedicated to the destruction of national self-governance, autonomy and nationhood.
He said federalism is fair to all 17 regions of the country, adding it "definitely can address the clamor of the Bangsamoro people for self-governance."
They discuss the importance of institutional entrepreneurs, the role of culture in economic action, the role of superstitions and belief systems in self-governance, Austrian theories of disasters, Austrian business cycle theory, macroeconomic theory and systems theory, institutional theory and Austrian theory, the Austrian approach to class structure, governance and institutional selection in autocracies (Singapore and the United Arab Emirates), and the use of drones in foreign interventions and the US.