self-organized criticality


Also found in: Acronyms, Wikipedia.

self-organized criticality

[‚self ¦ȯr·gə‚nīzd ‚krid·ə′kal·əd·ē]
(physics)
Property of a system that persistently operates far from equilibrium, at or near a threshold of instability, having evolved automatically to this critical state independently of external fields.
References in periodicals archive ?
We believe this is due to the grid's self-organized criticality.
Freeman (19) cites evidence that, in the EEG, wave packets representing thoughts satisfy self-organized criticality, the fundamental principle of complexity biology supporting criticality.
How Nature Works: The Science of Self-organized Criticality.
Self-Organized Criticality and Stochastic Resonance in the Human.
Introduction to Self-Organized Criticality and Earthquakes.
Due to these characteristics, self-organized criticality is intuitively attractive as a model for brain functions such as perception and action, because it would allow us to switch quickly between mental states in order to respond to changing environmental conditions," said co-author Manfred Kitzbichler.
This is an example of the cascade processes typically studied in other models of self-organized criticality.
The motivation behind this approach was to test whether or not differing geographical fault layouts could account for the occurrence of discontinuous or continuous behavior called Self-Organized Criticality.
Understandably, the new physics paradigm initiated by Bak's work is called self-organized criticality.
Shan, Self-Organized Criticality in a Computer Network Model, Phys.
We discuss similarities between molecular systems that are at equilibrium, and complex systems in states of self-organized criticality.
This idea has been proposed in chaotic systems as the phenomenon of self-organized criticality (Bak & Chen, 1991).
Full browser ?