self-fulfilling prophecy

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self-fulfilling prophecy,

a concept developed by Robert K. MertonMerton, Robert King,
1910–2003, American sociologist, b. Philadelphia as Meyer Schkolnick, grad. Temple Univ. (A.B., 1931) and Harvard (M.A., 1932; Ph.D., 1936). From 1941 on he was a professor of sociology at Columbia Univ.
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 to explain how a belief or expectation, whether correct or not, affects the outcome of a situation or the way a person (or group) will behave. Thus, for example, labeling someone a "criminal," and treating that person as such, may foster criminal behavior in the person who is subjected to the expectation.
References in periodicals archive ?
If the jockeys believe the surface is taxing, they will run the race accordingly and the situation becomes a selffulfilling prophecy. Often unnecessarily so.
With some guidance from the teacher, they began to say, "I haven't been able to do this so far," instead of "I can't do it." We engaged in activities that I call "relaxed learning." The underlying assumption is self-reflexive: we may be making learning hard just because we are working too hard to learn--a selffulfilling prophecy.
An expectation that is communicated to subordinates can act as a selffulfilling prophecy. For instance, leaders who expect poor performance will likely communicate that expectation both verbally and nonverbally and promote the expected performance.
2 Pre-match hype a selffulfilling prophecy Liverpool and Tottenham have been tethered by recent circumstances, with the build-up to this game being dominated by such talk.
And as City imploded, so Tan's lack of belief in Mackay became a kind of selffulfilling prophecy: an owner withdrawing his support for a manager is as much a nail in his coffin as the dreaded vote of confidence.
They are human at the end of the day, but it is a selffulfilling prophecy in some regards.
I've said before (I fear) that Sunday closures quickly become a selffulfilling prophecy. If some attractions are locked, so tourists do not call in, visitor numbers drop, and ever more places close as a result.
When people talk about a bias, whether it be draw or pace, it can become a selffulfilling prophecy, and we could see trainers heading enthusiastically to Ffos Las with aggressive front-runners.
The 24-hour news culture has given society more time to dwell on knife crime, unsociable behaviour and petty crime, much of which is associated with the youth of today and can in some cases become a selffulfilling prophecy. There's no doubt that negative images breed negative behaviour.
I always think tiredness is a selffulfilling prophecy with footballers.
Labelling children sets them up to behave in a certain way and can become a selffulfilling prophecy.
I think there's an element of selffulfilling prophecy to these fixtures billed as potentially combustible.