Selim III


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Selim III,

1761–1808, Ottoman sultan (1789–1807), nephew and successor of Abd al-Hamid I to the throne of the Ottoman Empire (Turkey). He suffered severe defeats in the second of the Russo-Turkish WarsRusso-Turkish Wars.
The great eastward expansion of Russia in the 16th and 17th cent., during the decline of the Ottoman Empire, nevertheless left the shores of the Black Sea in the hands of the Ottoman sultans and their vassals, the khans of Crimea.
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 with Catherine II, but suffered no major territorial losses when peace was made at Jassy in 1792. An ardent reformer, Selim set out to rebuild the Turkish navy on European lines, to reform the army, and to curb the JanissariesJanissaries
[Turk.,=recruits], elite corps in the service of the Ottoman Empire (Turkey). It was composed of war captives and Christian youths pressed into service; all the recruits were converted to Islam and trained under the strictest discipline.
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. In 1798 Selim joined the second coalition against France in the French Revolutionary Wars. Turkish forces lost Jaffa to Napoleon Bonaparte, who had invaded (1799) Syria after taking Egypt, but they held out at Acre and forced Napoleon to retreat. In 1801 the French left Egypt, which was restored to the sultan. In 1804 the Serbs under KarageorgeKarageorge
, 1768?–1817, Serbian patriot. Born George Petrović, he was known as Karageorge, or Black George. He led the Serbs in their insurrection (1804) against the Ottomans, took (1806) Belgrade, where the Ottoman population was massacred, and was proclaimed (1808)
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 revolted. In 1806 war with Russia broke out again. A revolt of the Janissaries and conservatives who opposed his reforms led to Selim's deposition and imprisonment in 1807. Mustafa IVMustafa IV,
1778–1808, Ottoman sultan (1807–8), son of Abd al-Hamid I. He was raised to the throne by the reactionary Janissaries who had deposed Mustafa's cousin, Selim III, because they opposed his attempted reforms.
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 was placed on the throne. A loyal army marched on Constantinople to restore Selim. It entered the city in 1808, just after Selim had been strangled on Mustafa's orders. Mustafa was executed and another of Selim's cousins, Mahmud II, was put on the throne. During Selim's reign Egypt became virtually independent under Muhammad AliMuhammad Ali,
1769?–1849, pasha of Egypt after 1805. He was a common soldier who rose to leadership by his military skill and political acumen. In 1799 he commanded a Turkish army in an unsuccessful attempt to drive Napoleon from Egypt.
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, as did Albania under Ali PashaAli Pasha
, 1744?–1822, Turkish pasha [military governor] of Yannina (now Ioánnina, Greece), a province of the Ottoman Empire (Turkey). He was called the Arslan [lion] of Yannina.
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. Selim's well-intentioned and efficient reforms came too late to arrest the decay of the Ottoman Empire.
References in periodicals archive ?
He explores the architecture chronologically and thematically, specifically looking at architecture in the reign of Ahmed III, Mahmud I, and Mustafa III, as well as the Nuruosmaniye Mosque and religious architecture by Abdulhamid I and Selim III. (Ringgold, Inc., Portland, OR)
Sultan Selim III built the Yyldyz Pavilion for his mother, Sultan MihriE-ah, and a fountain for his father at the end of the 18th century.
Set during the Napoleonic Wars, Stockwin focuses on the British Royal Navy's involvement, this time offering fresh insight into the little known but fascinating Dardanelles Operation with Sultan Selim III playing a pivotal role.
It includes the construction of a replica of the barracks -- known as the Topcu Kislasi in Turkish -- which was built in the early 19th century during the reign of Ottoman Sultan Selim III but demolished in 1940.
" In it, ErdoAan's face is superimposed on the portrait of Sultan Selim III of the Ottoman Empire, clad in a regal red robe, a gas mask clutched in his golden-gloved hand.
Philliou's analysis of Ottoman governance in the period from the backlash to Selim III's New Order [1807] to the Greek Revolution is another significant historiographical intervention.
Mais Moustafa III fit une exception avec son fils, le futur Selim III. Conscient de la faiblesse de son empire, le sultan evita de faire des guerres, meme au prix de perdre des territoires.
Assim, Selim III enviou, pela primeira vez, representacoes diplomaticas permanentes para as principais capitais europeias, em 1793 (Naff, 1963:295-315).
Successively he delves into Selim III, Mahmud II, Tanzimat, Abdulhamid, imperialism and nationalism, the young Republic, Turkey's expanding political involvement, and finally Turkey's place in the world.
The event provides Art fans, history lovers & enthusiasts a perfect opportunity and a display of a rare and very important "Kiswah" which once guarded the door of Kaaba in Mecca, commissioned by the Ottoman Sultan Selim III, and dates Hijri 1219AD 1804-1805.
The displayed Kiswah was commissioned by Sultan Selim III (1789-1807 AD), in the Hijri year 1219 (1804-05 AD), and is historically important as it is the last Kiswah to be produced in the colourful and rich design of the imperial Ottoman Turks before a conservative style was adopted," he added.
El sultan Mahmut II (1807-1839) siguio la politica reformista que habia comenzado Selim III en 1789, con la ambicion de convertir el Imperio otomano en un Estado moderno.