Seljukids(redirected from Seljuq dynasty)
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sultans of the Turkic Oghuz dynasty and rulers of several countries in the Middle East from the 11 th to the early 14th century. They ruled the Seljuk state—as the “Great Seljukids”—from 1038 to 1157, and the Sultanate of Konya from the late 11th to the early 14th century. The Iraqi Seljukids ruled Iraq and western Iran from 1118 to 1194, the Syrian Seljukids ruled northern Syria from the late 11th to the early 12th century, and the Kerman Seljukids ruled Kerman from the 1040’s to the late 12th century.
The name “Seljukids” is derived from Seljuk, a chief of the Kynyk, a tribe of the Turkic Oghuz, who lived in the tenth and early 11th centuries. In the Seljuk state the most eminent Seljukids were Togrul (Tughrul) Beg (ruled 1038–63), Alp Arslan (1063–72), Malik Shah (1072–92), and Sanjar (1118–57), and in the Sultanate of Konya, Ala al-Din Kay-Qubad (1219–36).