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(self-designations, Meni, Menik, Monik, and Mendi), a group of tribes in northern Malaysia and southern Thailand, remnants of the ancient aboriginal population of the forests of the central Malay Peninsula. Population, about 4,000 (1972, estimate).

The Semang speak a language of the Mon-Khmer group that is similar to the language of the Senoi, but they are gradually adopting the language of the Malays. They believe in magic and worship the forces of nature. Anthropologically, they are short-statured members of the Australian race. Although in the past the Semang inhabited a broader area, they have since been forced into mountainous and swampy regions and have to some extent been assimilated by the Senoi and Malays. They are mostly gatherers and hunters; when hunting, they use spears, bows, and blowguns. Some of the Semang practice land cultivation, raising grains and vegetables.


Narody Iugo-Vostochnoi Azii. Moscow, 1966.
References in periodicals archive ?
An earlier statement of Freeman's adoption of the interactionist paradigm, his critical views on the British and American anthropological establishment, and--importantly--his mode of attack in which he addressed the relationships between biology and culture focused not on Iban or Samoan culture, but on that of the Penan of Borneo and the Semang of Peninsular Malaysia (Freeman 1968).
After the separation of the two courts on Dutch auspices in 1755, Surakarta staged the Bedoyo Ketawang and Yogyakarta the other dance of Ratu Kidul, Bedoyo Semang.
One operation is in the Issano Creek area and the other is in the Semang area.
The first two of these were traditionally distinguished by the pejorative Malay names Semang and Sakai (Skeat and Blagden 1906).
W]e cannot share the feelings aroused [for instance] in the Orang Semang [Indian] by the reference to the efforts in gathering fruit and in hunting animals.
Both the Blandass and the Semang, though so much of difference exists, agree, taken as a whole, in that terminal "or", "er", "ar".
Pygmies of central Africa, the Semang of Malaysia, the Mardudjara of
The historian George McCall Theal, for example, surmised that the Bushmen had originated in the Malaysian peninsula, since their religion exhibited the same kind of 'childish' mentality as that of the Philippine, Andamanese and Semang peoples of that region (Chidester 1996b: 57).
The Batak also bare a resemblance to the Semang and Sakai tribes of the Malay Peninsula.
Vietnamese Shilluk Khmer- Kaffa Cambodians Amhara Manchu Egyptians Atayal Yurak Twana Abkhaz Pomo Paiute Both participate, no Thonga restriction for women in Ashanti religious rituals Wolof Fulani Fur Burmese Both, but women more Uttar Pradesh prominent Semang Missing Mbundu Babylonians Mbuti Gilbertese Banen Aluet Ibo Jivaro Category Societies Only Males may participate in collective religious ceremonies.
Many, such as the Batak and Agta of the Philippines and Semang of Malaysia, have mixed with local people.
Se trata de casos etnograficos por los que busca la identificacion de las sociedades que describe, y entre los que se encuentran: Eskimo, Athabaskan, Shoshone, Algonkians, Iroquois, Hopi, Navaho, Apache (norte de America), Ona, Yahgan, Guarani, Bororo (sur de America), Pygmies, Bushmen, Nuer, Mongo (Africa), Semang, Andaman, Soyot, Samoyed (Asia), los australianos, entre otros.