Semantic Field

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Field, Semantic


a group of words united by sense connections that are determined by like features in the words’ lexical meanings. For example, the field of the German verb fehlen encompasses seven verbs united by the feature of absence: fehlen, abgehen, mangeln, gebrechen, vermissen, entbehren, missen. The concept of a field makes it possible to describe precisely the microstructural systemic semantic interrelationship between linguistic units. The theory was developed in the late 1920’s and early 1930’s by a number of German scholars. J. Trier studied groups of words from the point of view of their material and conceptual ties. W. Porzig studied single words and their semantic and syntactic ties. Other German scholars included A. Jolles, who linked the study of a field to the etymological and derivational analysis of a word, and G. Ipsen. In the 1950’s the semantic field theory was developed by L. Weisgerber of the Federal Republic of Germany. These German scholars have been criticized for using the concept of a field to prove the idealist thesis of a linguistic intermediary world (die sprachliche Zwischenwelt) and for subjectivity in the delimitation of fields. Their theories have been criticized for not allowing the whole lexicon to be included and for slighting the independent role of the individual word.

Since the 1960’s, scholars have studied the lexical and semantic fields of words and the syntactic and semantic field of individual words. The concept of the field has been broadened; lexical-grammatical, functional-semantic, derivational, and other kinds of fields are all now distinguished.


Ufimtseva, A. A. Opyt izucheniia leksiki kak sistemy. Moscow, 1962.
Kuznetsova, A. I. Poniatie semanticheskoi sistemy iazyka i metody ee issledovaniia. Moscow, 1963.
Vasil’ev, L. M. “Teoriia semanticheskikh polei.” Voprosy iazykoznaniia, no. 5, 1971.
Shchur, G. S. Teorii polia v lingvistike. Moscow-Leningrad, 1974.
Trier, J. Der deutsche Wortschatz im Sinnbezirk des Verstandes. Heidelberg, 1931.
Porzig, W. Das Wunder der Sprache, 3rd ed. Bern, 1962.
Weisgerber, L. Grundziige der inhaltbezogenen Grammatik, 3rd ed. Düsseldorf, 1962.
Hoberg, R. Die Lehre vom sprachlichen Feld. Düsseldorf, 1970.
Minina, N. Semantische Felder. Moscow, 1973.


References in periodicals archive ?
On making the experiment, I found that with each few steps, one did indeed register a corresponding shift in the semantic field, an ever-increasing incidence of terror, sulphur and damnation
However, the semantic field of "cultural content" definiens is not determined precisely, which hinders operationalization of the theoretical category.
In Chapter 4, "The Incidence of Previous Foreign Language Contact in a Lexical Availability Task: A Study of Senior Learners," Gallardo del Puerto and Martinez Adrian report that false beginners (people recommencing language instruction) outperformed true beginners (people without any previous language knowledge) significantly in the number of words activated in the lexical availability task, with both groups showing similarities regarding productivity in each semantic field and shared words in the top five responses.
From a typological point of view, we will find ourselves in front of a one-dimensional, bipolar and antonymic semantic field, in which the oppositions are established on multiple levels (Lazar 2003: 89).
All these above-mentioned compounds have the meaning of 'collectiveness', which regroup these words under the same semantic field.
Basically, the employed linguistic tools are Trier's semantic field theory, to detect the conceptual similarities between the two poems, and semantic mapping to visualize the contrastive cross-cultural conceptualization of "lost love".
Their fundamental hypothesis claims that in metaphor, the lexical items from one semantic field (the donor field) are transferred to another semantic field (the recipient field) and that the structure of the semantic relations of the donor field provides the structure, or reorganizes some prior structure, of the recipient field.
The database contains various pieces of information regarding the entries, including variables, among others, such as etymological background, semantic field, grammatical category and dialect.
Barsalou, in his perceptual theory of knowledge, expressed similar ideas stating that words are associated with concepts "to produce a semantic field that mirrors the underlying conceptual field" (Barsalou, 1999, p.
Whether they were of the right or of the left, the political language of Algerians during the twentieth century, and by extension their historiography, has been delimited by the French semantic field.
Features of the DataPop PLA platform that are entirely new to this market include semantic field optimization, multi-variate testing of feed construction approaches, automated account structure and semantic negative management, insights for every intent and product attribute and integration with third party SEM platforms for tracking.
Moreover, as Toshihiko Izutsu has convincingly argued, if we compare the Qur'anic vocabulary with pre-Islamic Arabic, we immediately notice that there is "one supreme focus-word, Allah, which presides not only over one particular semantic field within the vocabulary, but over the entire vocabulary comprising all the semantic fields, that is, all the smaller conceptual systems that fall under it.

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