Ousmane Sembène

(redirected from Sembene Ousmane)
Ousmane Sembène
BirthplaceZiguinchor, Casamance, Senegal
film director, producer, screenwriter, actor & author

Sembène, Ousmane


Born 1923 in Ziguinchor. Senegalese author writing in French and Wolof.

During World War II, Sembène fought against the fascists in North Africa and Europe. From 1946 to 1958 he was a docker in Marseille. Since 1960 he has lived in Senegal. As a theorist of literature, Sembène takes Marxist positions. He was the first West African writer to create literary characters of African workers and their leaders, champions of independence. His novel The Black Docker (1956) was directed against racism, and the novel My Homeland, My Wonderful People (1957; Russian translation published as Son of Senegal, 1958) dealt with social transformations in the African countryside. Sembène’s novel The Reeds of the Lord God (1960; Russian translation, 1962) depicted the inculcation of proletarian solidarity in former peasants; the struggle for independence in West Africa was the theme of the novel Harmattan—the Hot Wind (1964; Russian translation, 1966). The two novellas constituting the book Vehiciosane (1965; Russian translation of the second novella published as The Postal Money Order, 1966) dispute the concept of negritude.

Sembène is also a screenwriter and film director. He made the feature films The Man With the Cart (1963), The Black Woman From … (1966), The Postal Money Order (1968), Emitaï (1971), and Impotence (1975).


In Russian translation:
Novye stranitsy: Rasskazy i stikhi. [Compiled and with preface by G. I. Potekhina.] Moscow, 1964.


Potekhina, G. I. Ocherki sovremennoi literatury Zapadnoi Afriki. Moscow, 1968.
Sovremennnye literatury Afriki: Severnaia i Zapadnaia Afrika. Moscow, 1973.
Vieyra, P. S. Ousmane Sembène, cinéaste; 1-ère période, 1962–1971. Paris [1972].


References in periodicals archive ?
Elle y a approche de grands noms comme Rene Vautier, Chahine, Sembene Ousmane, Robe Grillet.
Le mois de septembre, c'est aussi le mois des festivals et des le 12 septembre, le plus ancien festival de cinema au Maroc, Khouribga dedie au cinema africain accueille une douzaine de films du continent noir pour le Prix Sembene Ousmane.
This is well reflected in the works of Sembene Ousmane, Jean Pliya, Sony Labou Tansi, Chinua Achebe, Wole Soyinka, etc.
Sodiq has been nominated for International Documentary Association (IDA) documentary award, 2013, was the winner of Best Student Film Award and the Goodluck Jonathan President's Special Award at the African International Film Festival, Nigeria, 2013 and also the winner of the Sembene Ousmane Films for Development Prize at the Zanzibar International Film Festival earlier this year.
Other contributors address topics such as constructing a national language as a vehicle for national identity, material culture and ethnic identity of the Krobo in Ghana, the poetry of Equatorial Guinea, Ghanaian musical composers, and gender empowerment in the short stories of Sembene Ousmane and Ama Ata Aidoo.
Embassy Ouagadougou is located at Avenue Sembene Ousmane, Secteur 15, Ouaga 2000 Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso.
Among African writers, the one I was closest to was the late Sembene Ousmane, who was not just a friend but a companion and co-founder of PER ANKH, the small African publishing cooperative that now handles all my books.
Dans un premier temps, cet article brosse brievement une biographie intellectuelle de Sembene Ousmane pour faire ressortir les rapports entre sa production et sa trajectoire de sujet senegalais, Ousmane Sembene de son vrai nom, devenu le romancier et cineaste Sembene Ousmane.
The paper concludes with some contemporary showcases and metanarratives by both male and female writers like Buchi Emecheta, Mariama Ba, Ama Ata Aidoo, Flora Nwapa, Sembene Ousmane and Leopold Sedar Senghor who attempt to bridge the gender rifts in the African literary landscape.
That is precisely why Sembene Ousmane decided to adapt many of his own novels.
L'heritage du griot (1995), by Dany Kouyat (Burkina Faso); La Genese (1999) and Guimba (1995), by Cheikh Oumar Sissoko (Mali); Ceddo (1976), by Sembene Ousmane (Senegal); and Taafa fanga (1997), by Adama Drabo (Mali).
Senghor's poetry, as well as the anticolonial novels of other French-speaking writers such as Sembene Ousmane (God's Bits of Wood), Ferdinand Oyono (Houseboy), and Mongo Beti (The Poor Christ of Bomba) demonstrate a passion for African redemption.